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Origin and evolution of medium chain alcohol dehydrogenases
Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
Linköping University, Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology, Bioinformatics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
Karolinska Institute, Sweden .
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2013 (English)In: Chemico-Biological Interactions, ISSN 0009-2797, E-ISSN 1872-7786, Vol. 202, no 1-3, 91-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Different lines of alcohol dehydrogenases (ADHs) have separate superfamily origins, already recognized but now extended and re-evaluated by re-screening of the latest databank update. The short-chain form (SDR) is still the superfamily with most abundant occurrence, most multiple divergence, most prokaryotic emphasis, and most non-complicated architecture. This pattern is compatible with an early appearance at the time of the emergence of prokaryotic cellular life. The medium-chain form (MDR) is also old but second in terms of all the parameters above, and therefore compatible with a second emergence. However, this step appears seemingly earlier than previously considered, and may indicate sub-stages of early emergences at the increased resolution available from the now greater number of data entries. The Zn-MDR origin constitutes a third stage, possibly compatible with the transition to oxidative conditions on earth. Within all these three lines, repeated enzymogeneses gave the present divergence. MDR-ADH origin(s), at a fourth stage, may also be further resolved in multiple or extended modes, but the classical liver MDR-ADH of the liver type can still be traced to a gene duplication similar to 550 MYA (million years ago), at the early vertebrate radiation, compatible with the post-eon-shift, "Cambrian explosion". Classes and isozymes correspond to subsequent and recent duplicatory events, respectively. They illustrate a peculiar pattern with functional and emerging evolutionary distinctions between parent and emerging lines, suggesting a parallelism between duplicatory and mutational events, now also visible at separate sub-stages. Combined, all forms show distinctive patterns at different levels and illustrate correlations with global events. They further show that simple molecular observations on patterns, multiplicities and occurrence give much information, suggesting common divergence rules not much disturbed by horizontal gene transfers after the initial origins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2013. Vol. 202, no 1-3, 91-96 p.
Keyword [en]
Databank screening, Molecular evolution, Metalloenzyme acquirement, Restricted co-evolution, MDR, SDR
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93266DOI: 10.1016/j.cbi.2012.11.008ISI: 000317539500012OAI: diva2:623747

Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council||Karolinska Institutet||Karolinska Institutet, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics||Linkoping University||

Available from: 2013-05-28 Created: 2013-05-28 Last updated: 2013-05-28

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