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Governing through knowledge: START and the expansion of global environmental research
Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Centre for Climate Science and Policy Research . Linköping University, The Tema Institute, Department of Water and Environmental Studies. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5532-4633
2013 (English)In: Interpretive approaches to global climate governance: (de-)constructing the greenhouse / [ed] Chris Methmann, Delf Rothe and Benjamin Stephan, Routledge, 2013, 152-165 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The SysTem for Analysis, Research, and Training (START) project was launched in 1992 as an international science project that sought to stimulate and coordinate the development of global change research. Developed collaboratively by the International Geosphere Biosphere Programme, World Climate Research Programme, and Human Dimensions of global environmental change Programme, START was designed primarily to change how scientific knowledge is produced and turned into policy. Its capacity-building portfolio includes fostering the expertise needed to produce the authoritative scientific knowledge required for global environmental and climate governance. This chapter examines scientific rationalities and practices as they became visible when START expanded into new areas. The production of scientific knowledge is understood as dependent on knowledge infrastructures and the structuring of information as connected with power and the ability to govern. The chapter demonstrates how the expansion of the Global Environmental Change research network was organized around a set of changing rationalities mixing policy impacts, infrastructure, and scientific needs. Interpretative analysis of central newsletters and reports enables a genealogical analysis of the emergence of the present knowledge infrastructure, paying special attention to the idea of the Earth system as a rationality and technology of government. In doing so, the study contributes to debate on knowledge and power in global environmental change research, especially in connection with research in developing countries

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Routledge, 2013. 152-165 p.
, Interventions
Keyword [en]
Climate change mitigation International cooperation, Climatic changes Government policy, Climatic changes Law and legislation, Environmental policy, Global warming Government policy, Greenhouse gases Government policy
Keyword [sv]
National Category
Sociology Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93336ISBN: 0-4155-2-188-2ISBN: 978-04-1552-188-8OAI: diva2:625073
Earth system Governmentality
Available from: 2013-06-04 Created: 2013-05-30 Last updated: 2014-10-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Seeing and Knowing the Earth as a System: An Effective History of Global Environmental Change Research as Scientific and Political Practice
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Seeing and Knowing the Earth as a System: An Effective History of Global Environmental Change Research as Scientific and Political Practice
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Alternative title[sv]
Att förstå och utforska jorden som ett system : En historik läsning av den globala miljöforskningens som vetenskaplig och politisk praktik
Abstract [en]

Previous research connecting scientific knowledge production with governing of the global environment usually start in international climate change negotiations and related assessments. From that vantage point Earth system science and models are studied as an expansion of Global Circulation Models. By tracing of the history of the present Earth system outlook this thesis offers a reflection about how scientific knowledge produce and connects problems with descriptions of desired order of things and strategies to get there. Knowledge becomes a productive power by shaping fields of possible action in relation to the global environment. The interpreted empirical material consists of scientific discussions from the International global environmental change programmes and particularly the International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) and the International Human Dimensions Programme on global environmental change (IHDP). The studied period spans from the start of the planning of the IGBP in 1983 to the presentation of the new research programme Future Earth in 2013. The thesis is organised around the effects of the IGBP’s strategy to use predictive Earth system models as a tool to bring a broad range of scientific disciplines together. The results demonstrate the historicity of the present Earth system outlook by showing how ecosystems and human dimensions were attributed new and more important roles as drivers of global change. The thesis also argue for the need to approach the ‘Earth system’ as a result of a productive tension between top-down perspectives found in global modelling and bottom-up empirical research engaging with process interactions down to local scales.

Abstract [sv]

Genom att studera diskussioner inom internationella miljöforskningsprogram spårar den här avhandlingen framväxten av dagens syn på planeten jorden som ett sammanlänkat system – Jordsystemet. Kopplingen mellan makt och kunskap, styrning och mentaliteter, ligger till grund för studiens tolkande ansats. Den knyter samman sätt att betrakta och beräkna den globala miljön, grunden för jordsystemperspektivet, och de handlingsalternativ det synliggör inom politik och vetenskap. Studien baseras primärt på analyser av arkivmaterial från International Geosphere-Biosphere Programme (IGBP) och International Human Dimensions Programme of Global Environmental Change (IHDP). Tillsammans representerar dessa två program ett brett nätverk för forskning om globala miljöförändringar. Den undersökta perioden startar i och med planeringen av IGBP 1983 och avslutas 2013 med att Future Earth etableras som ett nytt internationellt program för forskning om globala miljöförändringar. Avhandlingen undersöker effekter av IGBPs strategi att använda prediktiva Jordsystemmodeller som ett redskap för att integrera och koordinera forskningen om globala miljöförändringar. Studiens resultat visar på historiciteten i nuvarande sätt att betrakta Jordsystemet. Framförallt studeras hur introducerandet av ekologisk och social komplexitet i förståelsen och modelleringen av Jordsystemet hänger samman med en förändrad bild av relationen människa-miljö och därmed också bilden av globala miljöförändringar som vetenskapligt och politiskt problem. Avhandlingen visar att förståelsen av Jordsystemet vuxit fram i en produktiv spänning mellanovanifrånperspektivet i globala modeller och lokalt förankrad socio-ekologisk interaktion.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2014. 91 p.
Linköping Studies in Arts and Science, ISSN 0282-9800 ; 631
Earth system, Global change, Governmentality, History of the present, history of environmental science, Jordsystemet, Globala miljöförändringar, Governmentality, nuets historia, miljövetenskapernas historia, internationella forskningsprogram, miljöpolitik
National Category
Social Sciences Interdisciplinary Environmental Sciences Political Science
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-110654 (URN)10.3384/diss.diva-110654 (DOI)978‐91‐7519‐236‐9 (print) (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-10-17, Vallfarten, Hus Vallfarten, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:00 (Swedish)
Available from: 2014-09-17 Created: 2014-09-17 Last updated: 2014-09-26Bibliographically approved

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Uhrqvist, Ola
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