Effects of Ni-coating on ZnO nanowires: A Raman scattering study
2013 (English)In: Journal of Applied Physics, ISSN 0021-8979, E-ISSN 1089-7550, Vol. 113, no 21, 214302-1-214302-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Structural properties of ZnO/Ni core/shell nanowires (NWs) are studied in detail by means of Raman spectroscopy. It is shown that formation of the Ni shell leads to passivation of surface states responsible for the observed enhanced intensity of the A1(LO) Raman mode of the bare ZnO NWs. It also causes appearance of 490 cm−1 and 710 cm−1 modes that are attributed to local vibrational modes of a defect/impurity (or defects/impurities). This defect is concluded to be preferably formed in annealed ZnO/Ni NWs and is unlikely to contain a Ni atom, as the same Raman modes were also reported for the Ni-free ZnO nanostructures. From our resonant Raman studies, we also show that the ZnO/Ni core/shell NWs exhibit an enhanced Raman signal with a multiline structure involving A1(LO). This observation is attributed to combined effects of an enhanced Fröhlich interaction at the ZnO/Ni heterointerface and coupling of the scattered light with local surface plasmons excited in the Ni shell. The plasmonic effect is also suggested to allow detection of carbon-related species absorbed at the surface of a single ZnO/Ni NW, promising for applications of such structures as efficient nano-sized gas sensors.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Institute of Physics (AIP), 2013. Vol. 113, no 21, 214302-1-214302-6 p.
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93878DOI: 10.1063/1.4807912OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-93878DiVA: diva2:627349