Method parameters’ impact on mortality and variability in rat stroke experiments: a meta-analysis
2013 (English)In: BMC neuroscience (Online), ISSN 1471-2202, E-ISSN 1471-2202, Vol. 14, no 41Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Even though more than 600 stroke treatments have been shown effective in preclinical studies, clinically proven treatment alternatives for cerebral infarction remain scarce. Amongst the reasons for the discrepancy may be methodological shortcomings, such as high mortality and outcome variability, in the preclinical studies. A common approach in animal stroke experiments is that A) focal cerebral ischemia is inflicted, B) some type of treatment is administered and C) the infarct sizes are assessed. However, within this paradigm, the researcher has to make numerous methodological decisions, including choosing rat strain and type of surgical procedure. Even though a few studies have attempted to address the questions experimentally, a lack of consensus regarding the optimal methodology remains.
We therefore meta-analyzed data from 502 control groups described in 346 articles to find out how rat strain, procedure for causing focal cerebral ischemia and the type of filament coating affected mortality and infarct size variability.
The Wistar strain and intraluminal filament procedure using a silicone coated filament was found optimal in lowering infarct size variability. The direct and endothelin methods rendered lower mortality rate, whereas the embolus method increased it compared to the filament method.
The current article provides means for researchers to adjust their middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAo) protocols to minimize infarct size variability and mortality.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2013. Vol. 14, no 41
Brain infarction, Middle cerebral artery occlusion, Rats, Methods, Mortality, Variability
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93981DOI: 10.1186/1471-2202-14-41ISI: 000318616000001PubMedID: 23548160OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-93981DiVA: diva2:628241
Funding Agencies|County Council of Ostergotland, Sweden||2013-06-132013-06-132016-02-29Bibliographically approved