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Uttalsträning i svenska för tre personer med thai som förstaspråk: En single subject design-studie
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Speech and Language Pathology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

I föreliggande single subject designstudie har tre personer med thai som modersmål och svenska som andraspråk tränats specifikt i svenskt uttal. Syftet med föreliggande studie var därför att utforma samt genomföra en uttalsintervention vilken delades in i en suprasegmentell och en segmentell modul. Syftet var vidare att undersöka hur suprasegmentella och segmentella förändringar i uttalet påverkade uttalets förståelighet. Uttalsträningen utfördes 14 gånger under en fem-veckors period. Interventionen delades upp i två moduler, en med suprasegmentellt fokus (B1) och en med segmentellt fokus (B2). I den suprasegmentella modulen ingick medvetandegörelse av stavelseuppbyggnad samt träning i svenska betoningsmönster. Den segmentella modulen innefattade träning av konsonantförbindelser, [ɧ] samt /r/. Efter varje tillfälle fick deltagarna repetera 50 ord som valts ut innan studiens början. Dessa ord analyserades utifrån deltagarnas förmåga att korrekt producera suprasegmentella och segmentella aspekter och utgjorde studiens mätpunkter. De suprasegmentella aspekterna bedömdes utifrån uppsatta bedömningskriterier och de segmentella aspekterna bedömdes med hjälp av Percentage Phonemes Correct (PPC). Efter genomförd intervention fick tre utomstående lyssnare skatta förståelighet för att undersöka om samband kunde ses mellan deras skattningar och de valda bedömningsverktygen. Enskilda ord ur ordlistorna valdes ut för att bedömningsverktygen även skulle jämföras mot akustiska mätningar.

Resultaten i föreliggande studie visade på att samband kunde ses mellan specifik uttalsträning med segmentellt fokus och förbättrat uttal både vad gäller segmentella och suprasegmentella aspekter. Samma resultat visade den suprasegmentella uttalsträningen ge. Vidare kunde samband ses mellan bedömningen av de segmentella aspekterna utifrån mätpunkternas beräknade PPC och förståelighetsskattningarna. När PPC ökade förbättrades också förståeligheten. Då uttalsträning bör ha som fokus att uppnå god förståelighet hos andraspråksinläraren (Pennington, 1996; Levis, 2005) föreslås att segmentella aspekter bör ingå i uttalsträning. Mellan förbättringarna av suprasegmentella aspekter och förståelighet har inte liknande samband kunnat ses vilket dock kan bero på studiens design. Författarna till föreliggande studie anser därför att suprasegmentella aspekter i uttalsträning inte bör bortprioriteras.

Abstract [en]

Three native Thai speakers with Swedish as their second language have received special training in Swedish pronunciation in the current single-subject design study. The aim of the current study was therefore to devise and implement a set of pronunciation training exercises, divided into suprasegmental and segmental modules. The aim was also to examine how suprasegmental and segmental changes in pronunciation affected the intelligibility of the pronunciation. The pronunciation training consisted of 14 training sessions during a five-week period. The exercises were divided into two modules, one with focus on suprasegmental aspects (B1) and one with focus on segmental aspects (B2). The suprasegmental module included acquainting subjects with the syllabic structure of the Swedish language as well as training of the Swedish language stress pattern. The segmental module contained training of consonant clusters, the Swedish speech sound [ɧ] and /r/. At the end of each session the participants were asked to repeat 50 words chosen before the start of the study. These words constituted the measuring points of the study and were analyzed according to the participants' ability to produce suprasegmental and segmental aspects correctly. The suprasegmental aspects were assessed according to fixed criteria and the segmental aspects were rated by means of Percentage Phonemes Correct (PPC). After completion of the final training session, three independent listeners estimated intelligibility to determine if relationship existed between these and the chosen assessment tools. Single words were selected in order to compare their criteria-based and PPC-ratings with acoustic correlates. The results of the present study indicate that a relationship can be observed between specific pronunciation training with focus on segmental aspects and improved pronunciation in terms of segmental and suprasegmental aspects. The pronunciation training with suprasegmental focus indicated the same conclusion. Further, a relationship can be seen between the judgment of the segmental aspects based on the measuring points' PPC-rating and the ratings of intelligibility. The intelligibility improved when the PPC increased. The focus of pronunciation training should be to achieve good intelligibility (Pennington, 1996; Levis, 2005); therefore it is suggested that segmental aspects should be included in pronunciation training for native Thai speakers when learning Swedish as a second language. No similar relations have been discovered between the suprasegmental aspects and intelligibility, which, however, may be due to limitations in the design of the study. Therefore suprasegmental aspects should not be neglected in pronunciation training.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 55 p.
Keyword [en]
Pronunciation training, Swedish as second language, Thai, suprasegmental, segmental, intelligibility
Keyword [sv]
Uttalsträning, svenska som andraspråk, thai, suprasegmentell, segmentell, förståelighet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-93998ISRN: LIU-IKE/SLP-A--13/011--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-93998DiVA: diva2:628362
Subject / course
Master (one year thesis)/Speech and Language Pathology
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2013-06-15 Created: 2013-06-13 Last updated: 2013-06-18Bibliographically approved

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Uttalsträning i svenska för tre personer med thai som förstaspråk(3200 kB)796 downloads
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