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A Screening Method for 30 Drugs in Hair Using Ultrahigh-Performance Liquid Chromatography Time-of-Flight Mass Spectrometry
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Natl Board Forens Med, Dept Forens Genet and Forens Toxicol, SE-58758 Linkoping, Sweden .
Natl Board Forens Med, Dept Forens Genet and Forens Toxicol, SE-58758 Linkoping, Sweden .
2013 (English)In: THERAPEUTIC DRUG MONITORING, Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins , 2013, Vol. 35, no 3, 288-295 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Objectives: The objectives of this study were to develop and to validate a qualitative screening method that met the new Society of Hair Testing (SoHT) guideline criteria for thresholds. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: Extraction of 20 mg hair was performed by a previously validated procedure using overnight incubation in a mixture of methanol:acetonitrile:formiate buffer pH 3 (10:10:80). Analysis was performed on an Agilent 6540 quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometer in combination with an Agilent 1290 Infinity ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography system. Separation was achieved with a 12-minute linear gradient chromatography on a high-strength silica T3 column at acidic conditions. An in-house database containing 30 compounds from the groups amphetamines, opiates, opioids, cocaine, benzodiazepines, and other sedatives including 6 deuterated internal standards was built by analyzing solutions from certified standards. Data were extracted using mass accuracy of +/- 10 ppm, retention time deviation of +/- 0.15 minutes, and area of andgt;= 30,000 counts. Identification was based on scoring of retention time, accurate mass measurement, and isotopic pattern. Validation included selectivity, repeatability of analyte area, and the scoring parameters at the proposed thresholds and a method comparison with the present liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry-mass spectrometry method using 50 authentic hair samples. A daily cutoff calibrator was used to identify positive samples. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: All cutoffs could be met with imprecisions of less than 5% for most parameters and analytes. Hair from drug-free subjects did not produce any positive results and the method comparison agreed in more than 90% of the cases. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: We conclude that the developed method meets the criteria of the new SoHT guidelines for screening cutoffs. Even though no thresholds have been suggested for benzodiazepines, we conclude that thresholds between 0.05 and 0.1 ng/mg should be sufficient to determine regular use of these substances.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins , 2013. Vol. 35, no 3, 288-295 p.
Keyword [en]
drug analysis in hair, time of flight, forensic toxicology, screening
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-94598DOI: 10.1097/FTD.0b013e3182884528ISI: 000319066700003OAI: diva2:633619
17th Congress of the Society-of-Hair-Testing (SoHT)
Available from: 2013-06-27 Created: 2013-06-27 Last updated: 2013-06-27

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Kronstrand, Robert
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