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In-situ SEM/EBSD Study of Deformation adn Fracture Behaviour of Flake Cast Iron
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Engineering Materials. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2013 (English)Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

Cast irons’ position as an important engineering material is un-disputed. They are widely used in many important industrial applications such as the automotives and workshop machinery. Nevertheless, fracture mechanisms in cast irons are not fully understood. In this study the fracture path and non-linear elastic behaviour of a fully pearlitic flake cast iron under uniaxial tensile loading have been investigated in a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) equipped with an Electron Backscattering Diffraction (EBSD) detector. The tensile load was applied via a specially made sample stage. Under uniaxial tensile loading the graphite flakes act as notches or cracks and therefore the fracture process starts at one or many graphite tips. The crack can propagate in many different ways, at the graphite and matrix interface, through the graphite, at the interface between cementite and ferrite or through the pearlitic grains. At the point where the stress strain curve deviates from its linear path plastic deformation at graphite tips can be noticed. Interface cracking between graphite and the matrix also starts at this point.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. 1-9 p.
Keyword [en]
high-temperature, ageing, toughness, austenitic stainless steel, nickel base alloy
National Category
Engineering and Technology Materials Engineering
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-95430OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-95430DiVA: diva2:635235
Conference
13th International Conference on Fracture ICF13, June 16-21, Beijing, China.
Available from: 2013-07-03 Created: 2013-07-03 Last updated: 2013-10-21
In thesis
1. Residual Stresses and Fatigue of Shot Peened Cast Iron
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Residual Stresses and Fatigue of Shot Peened Cast Iron
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The complex geometry of cylinder head in heavy-duty diesel engine makes grey cast iron or compact graphite iron a perfect material choice due to its castability, thermal conductivity and damping capacity. To increase the efficiency of the engine, the fatigue property of the material needs to be improved. Shot peening is often used to increase the fatigue strength of components. The benefits are associated with the compressive stresses induced and with surface hardening. In this research project, these effects on grey and compact iron have been analyzed for different shot peening parameters using XRD, SEM and fatigue testing methods. The ultimate aim of the project is to increase the fatigue strength of cast irons by optimization of residual stresses.

The XRD measurements and SEM examinations revealed that the shot peening parameters including shot size and peening intensity had significant influences on the resulted residual stresses and strain hardening while changing the coverage made little difference. Also differences in the peening results between the two materials were observed, which were ascribed to an effect of the different graphite morphology. Nevertheless, a residual stress profile similar to the one general considered to improve the fatigue strength in steels could be obtained in both grey and compact iron after shot peening.

The axial fatigue testing with R=-1 on the grey iron showed that peening using large shot size and high peening intensity (heavy shot peening) resulted in a fatigue strength reduction of 15-20% in comparison with the mechanically polished surface. The negative effects are likely related to surface damage and relatively high tensile residual stresses in subsurface induced by the heavy peening. Grey cast iron has low ductility in tension and therefore tensile residual stresses may promote multiple cracking and crack networking during cyclic loading.

Shot peening using much smaller shots and lower intensity (gentle shot peening) which resulted in a much smaller residual stress field gave no significant changes in fatigue strength. However, a short time annealing at 285°C of specimens being gently shot peened increased the fatigue strength roughly by 10%. The improvement could be an effect of precipitates formed due to the heat treatment, which lock the dislocation movement under cyclic loading.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 45 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1622
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99842 (URN)10.3384/lic.diva-99842 (DOI)LiU-TEK-LIC-2013:56 (Local ID)978-91-7519-501-8 (ISBN)LiU-TEK-LIC-2013:56 (Archive number)LiU-TEK-LIC-2013:56 (OAI)
Presentation
2013-10-24, ACAS, Hus A, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-10-21 Created: 2013-10-21 Last updated: 2013-11-12Bibliographically approved

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Lundberg, MattiasCalmunger, MattiasPeng, Ru

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