Geolocation by Light using Target Tracking
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Målföljning med ljusmätningar (Swedish)
In order to understand the migration patterns of migrating birds, it is necessary to understand whenand where to they migrate. Many of these birds are very small and thus cannot carry heavy sensors;hence it is necessary to be able to perform positioning using a very small sensor. One way to do this isto use a light-intensity sensor. Since the sunrise and sunset times are known given time and position onthe earth, it is possible to determine the global position using light intensity. Light intensity increasesas the sun rises.
Data sets from several calibration sensors, mainly from different locations in Sweden, have been examinedin different ways in order to get an understanding of the measurements and what affects them. Inorder to perform positioning, it is necessary to know the solar elevation angle, which can be computedif the time and position are known, as is the case for the calibration sensors. This has been utilized toidentify a mapping from measured light intensity to solar elevation angle, which is used to computepseudo-measurements for target tracking, described below.
In this thesis, positioning is performed using methods from the field of target tracking. This is doneboth causally (filtering) and non-causally (smoothing). There are certain problems that arise; firstly,the measured light intensity can be attenuated due to weather conditions such as cloudiness, which ismodelled as a time-varying offset. Secondly, the sensor can be shadowed causing outliers in the data.Furthermore, birds are not always in a migratory state, they oftentimes stay in one place. The lattertwo phenomena are modelled using an Interacting Multiple Model (IMM) where they are representedas discrete states, corresponding to different models.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 94 p.
target tracking, EKF, solar elevation angle, light intensity, geolocation, smoothing, filter bank, IMM
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-95609ISRN: LiTH-ISY-EX--13/4704--SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-95609DiVA: diva2:636719
Subject / course
Gustafsson, Fredrik, Professor