The subjective horizontal in eccentric rotation influenced by peripheral vestibular lesion
1996 (English)In: Acta Oto-Laryngologica, ISSN 0001-6489, Vol. 116, no 2, 181-184 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Peripheral vestibular equilibrium disorders may originate in various parts of the labyrinth or the vestibular nerve. Traditionally, the function of the lateral semicircular canals has been assessed with caloric irrigation, and sometimes falsely been interpreted as a vestibular nerve lesion. the vertical semicircular canals are not easily assessed. Caloric testing with the head in different positions is not very helpful, but the canals may pairwise be tested using specific rotational techniques. Often the otolithic organs, capable of detecting linear acceleration forces, are forgotten as a source of vertigo and dizziness. We have implemented horizontal rotatory testing with the subject seated eccentrically facing the direction of rotation as a means of assessing otolithic function. the subject experiences a lateral tilt and is instructed in darkness to put a short light bar in the position he thinks a water surface would have, which is identical to his perceived tilt. in 39 normal subjects, a theoretical tilt of 24° was estimated as approximately 19.5°, and the standard deviation was 6°. A side difference index was proposed to be normal if below 25%. the preliminary findings in a few patients with known labyrinthine lesions are presented. We propose that otolithic as well as lateral semicircular canal functions are useful to monitor in patients with suspected peripheral equilibrium disorders.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 1996. Vol. 116, no 2, 181-184 p.
otoliths, eccentric rotation, unilateral, methods
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-95744DOI: 10.3109/00016489609137818OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-95744DiVA: diva2:637528