Autobiographical Memory Specificity in Patients with Tinnitus Versus Patients with Depression and Normal Controls
2013 (English)In: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, ISSN 1650-6073, Vol. 42, no 2, 116-126 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Several studies show that patients with depression and post-traumatic stress disorder respond with fewer specific autobiographical memories in a cued memory task (i.e. the autobiographical memory test; AMT) compared to healthy controls. One previous study found this phenomenon among tinnitus patients as well (Andersson, Ingerholt, andamp; Jansson, 2003). The aim of this study was to replicate the previous study with an additional control group of depressed patients and memory errors as measured with the AMT as an additional outcome. We included 20 normal hearing tinnitus patients, 20 healthy controls and 20 persons diagnosed with clinical depression. The AMT was administered together with self-report measures of depression, anxiety and tinnitus distress. Both the tinnitus and depression groups differed from the healthy control group in that they reported fewer specific autobiographical memories. There were, however, differences between the tinnitus and depression groups in terms of the errors made on the AMT. The depression group had more overgeneral memories than the normal control group, whereas the tinnitus group did not differ from the control group on this memory error. The tinnitus group had more semantic associations and non-memories than the other two groups, suggesting that executive functioning may play a role for the tinnitus group when completing the AMT. Clinical and theoretical implications of the findings are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor and Francis (Routledge): STM, Behavioural Science and Public Health Titles / Taylor and Francis (Routledge) , 2013. Vol. 42, no 2, 116-126 p.
tinnitus, depression, memory specificity, autobiographical memory, the CaR-FA-X model
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-95825DOI: 10.1080/16506073.2013.792101ISI: 000320573200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-95825DiVA: diva2:638119