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Auditory Distraction Compromises Random Generation: Falling Back Into Old Habits?
University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK.
Linköping University, The Swedish Institute for Disability Research. Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. University of Gävle, Sweden .
University of Gävle, Sweden .
University of Gävle, Sweden .
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2013 (English)In: Experimental psychology (Göttingen), ISSN 1618-3169, Vol. 60, no 4, 279-292 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Auditory distraction of random generation - a quintessentially executive control task - was explored in three experiments. Random number generation was impaired by the mere presence of irrelevant auditory sequences that comprise digits, but not letters, and then only if the digits were heard in a canonical order (1, 2, 3 ... or 3, 2, 1 ...), not in random order (Experiments 1 and 2). Random letter generation was impaired by irrelevant letters heard in alphabetical order (a, b, c ...) and reversed alphabetical order (i, h, g ...), but not by numbers in canonical order or letters in random order (Experiment 3). Attempting to ignore canonical sequences - with items that are members of the same category as the to-be-generated items - reduced the randomness of the generated sequence, by decreasing the tendency to change the direction of the produced sequence for random number generation, and by increasing resampling of responses for random letter generation. Like other selective attention tasks, the cost of distraction to random generation appears to stem from preventing habitual responses assuming the control of action.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hogrefe Publishing , 2013. Vol. 60, no 4, 279-292 p.
Keyword [en]
distraction, executive control, random generation, response schemata
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-95983DOI: 10.1027/1618-3169/a000198ISI: 000321576200007OAI: diva2:639985
Available from: 2013-08-12 Created: 2013-08-12 Last updated: 2013-08-16Bibliographically approved

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The Swedish Institute for Disability ResearchDisability ResearchFaculty of Arts and Sciences
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