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Infliximab as rescue therapy in hospitalised patients with steroid-refractory acute ulcerative colitis: a long-term follow-up of 211 Swedish patients
University of Örebro, Sweden .
Örebro University Hospital, Sweden .
Karolinska University Hospital, Sweden .
Skåne University Hospital, Sweden .
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2013 (English)In: Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics, ISSN 0269-2813, E-ISSN 1365-2036, Vol. 38, no 4, 377-387 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BackgroundRescue therapy with infliximab (IFX) has been proven effective in a steroid-refractory attack of ulcerative colitis (UC). The long-term efficacy is not well described. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanAimTo present a retrospective study of IFX as rescue therapy in UC. Primary end points were colectomy-free survival at 3 and 12months. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethodsIn this multicentre study, 211 adult patients hospitalised between 1999 and 2010 received IFX 5mg/kg as rescue therapy due to a steroid-refractory, moderate-to-severe attack of UC. Exclusion criteria were duration of current flare for andgt;12weeks, corticosteroid treatment for andgt;8weeks before hospitalisation, previous IFX therapy or Crohns disease. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResultsProbability of colectomy-free survival at 3months was 0.71 (95% CI, 0.64-0.77), at 12months 0.64 (95% CI, 0.57-0.70), at 3years 0.59 (95% CI, 0.52-0.66) and at 5years 0.53 (95% CI, 0.44-0.61). Steroid-free, clinical remission was achieved in 105/211 (50%) and 112/209 (54%) patients at 3 and 12months respectively. Of 75 colectomies during the first year, 48 (64%) were carried out during the first 14days, 13 (17%) on days 15-90 and 14 (19%) between 3 and 12months. There were three (1.4%) deaths during the first 3months. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusionsInfliximab is an effective rescue treatment, both short- and long-term, in a steroid-refractory attack of UC. Most IFX failures underwent surgery during the first 14days, which calls for studies on how to optimise induction treatment with IFX. Serious complications, including mortality, were rare.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell , 2013. Vol. 38, no 4, 377-387 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-96420DOI: 10.1111/apt.12387ISI: 000321773700004OAI: diva2:641953

Funding Agencies|R&D Council, Skaraborgs Hospital||Schering Plough, Sweden||AstraZeneca by the Swedish Society of Gastroenterology||

Available from: 2013-08-20 Created: 2013-08-19 Last updated: 2014-02-17

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Almer, SvenMidhagen, Gunnar
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Division of Inflammation MedicineFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of GastroentorologyGastroenterology and Hepatology
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Alimentary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
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