liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Higher maternal education is associated with favourable growth of young children in different countries
Addenbrookes Hospital, England University of Cambridge, England .
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Peoples R China .
Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Peoples R China .
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Psychology. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-8738-979X
Show others and affiliations
2013 (English)In: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, ISSN 0143-005X, E-ISSN 1470-2738, Vol. 67, no 7, 595-602 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background Childhood growth affects long-term health and could contribute to health inequalities that persist throughout life. Methods We compared growth data of 4-year-old to 6-year-old children born 1997-2002 in UK (n = 15 168), Sweden (n = 6749) and rural China (n = 10 327). SD scores (SDS) were calculated against the WHO Growth Standard. Obesity and overweight were defined by the International Obesity Taskforce cut-offs, and stunting, underweight and thinness by height, weight or body mass index (BMI)less than-2 SDS. Associations with maternal education were standardised by calculating the Slope Index of Inequality (SII). Results Mean SDS height, weight and BMI in the UK (-0.01, 0.42, 0.62, respectively) and Sweden (0.45, 0.59, 0.45) were higher than in China (-0.98, -0.82, -0.29). Higher maternal education was consistently associated with taller offspring height SDS (SII: UK 0.25; Sweden 0.17; China 1.06). Underweight and stunting were less common in the UK (prevalence: 0.6% and 2.2%, respectively) and Sweden (0.3% and 0.6%) than in China (9.5% and 16.4%), where these outcomes were inversely associated with maternal education (SII: -25.8% and -12.7%). Obesity prevalence in the UK, Sweden and China was 4.8%, 3.7% and 0.4%, respectively. Maternal education was inversely associated with offspring obesity in the UK (SII: -3.3%) and Sweden (-2.8%), but not in China (+0.3%). Conclusions Higher maternal education was associated with more favourable growth in young children: lower obesity and overweight in the UK and Sweden, and lower stunting and underweight in rural China. Public health strategies to optimise growth in early childhood need to acknowledge socioeconomic factors, but possibly with a different emphasis in different settings.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BMJ Publishing Group , 2013. Vol. 67, no 7, 595-602 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-96453DOI: 10.1136/jech-2012-202021ISI: 000320307200011OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-96453DiVA: diva2:642944
Available from: 2013-08-23 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2017-11-02

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Koch, Felix-SebastianLudvigsson, Johnny

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Koch, Felix-SebastianLudvigsson, Johnny
By organisation
PsychologyFaculty of Arts and SciencesDivision of Clinical SciencesFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Paediatrics in Linköping
In the same journal
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 138 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • oxford
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf