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Retrospective record review in proactive patient safety work - identification of no-harm incidents
Linnaeus University, Sweden .
Danderyd Hospital, Sweden .
Danderyd Hospital, Sweden .
Linnaeus University, Sweden .
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2013 (English)In: BMC Health Services Research, ISSN 1472-6963, Vol. 13Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In contrast to other safety critical industries, well-developed systems to monitor safety within the healthcare system remain limited. Retrospective record review is one way of identifying adverse events in healthcare. In proactive patient safety work, retrospective record review could be used to identify, analyze and gain information and knowledge about no-harm incidents and deficiencies in healthcare processes. The aim of the study was to evaluate retrospective record review for the detection and characterization of no-harm incidents, and compare findings with conventional incident-reporting systems. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: A two-stage structured retrospective record review of no-harm incidents was performed on a random sample of 350 admissions at a Swedish orthopedic department. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults were compared with those found in one local, and four national incident-reporting systems. Results: We identified 118 no-harm incidents in 91 (26.0%) of the 350 records by retrospective record review. Ninety-four (79.7%) no-harm incidents were classified as preventable. The five incident-reporting systems identified 16 no-harm incidents, of which ten were also found by retrospective record review. The most common no-harm incidents were related to drug therapy (n = 66), of which 87.9% were regarded as preventable. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: No-harm incidents are common and often preventable. Retrospective record review seems to be a valuable tool for identifying and characterizing no-harm incidents. Both harm and no-harm incidents can be identified in parallel during the same record review. By adding a retrospective record review of randomly selected records to conventional incident-reporting, health care providers can gain a clearer and broader picture of commonly occurring, no-harm incidents in order to improve patient safety.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central , 2013. Vol. 13
Keyword [en]
Retrospective record review, Incidents, Patient safety, Harvard medical practice study method
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-96710DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-13-282ISI: 000322393500002OAI: diva2:642971

Funding Agencies|Swedish Vinnvard programme||FORSS - the research council of Southeast Sweden||County Council of Kalmar||

Available from: 2013-08-23 Created: 2013-08-23 Last updated: 2015-06-08

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Nilsson, Lena
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AnesthesiologyFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care in Linköping
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