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Coordinated supply chain planning in construction
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Bygglogistik)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8989-4869
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Bygglogistik)
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology. (Bygglogistik)
2013 (English)In: 7th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organization / [ed] Ole Jonny Klakegg, Trondheim: Akademika forlag, 2013, 546-556 p.Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The purpose is to analyse how supply chain planningin construction can be better coordinated, both concerning the supply chain assuch and concerning activities on-site. A literature review and a case studyidentify a number of problems that occur due to poor coordination. To mitigatethese problems it is suggested that a structured framework, like the SupplyChain Operations Reference (SCOR) model, can facilitate the implementation ofsupply chain management so as to enhance coordination and supply chainperformance in the construction industry. The use of a structured model isargued to improve the integration of subcontractors and suppliers in the maincontractor’s planning process. The focus is on the so called “Plan” process in theSCOR model, which is the process that is used to coordinate supply chainactivities in all parts of the supply chain, including site activities. Thefindings identify which parts of the SCOR Plan process that need to be adjustedto fit the construction industry and how it can facilitate the synchronisationbetween the main contractor and its subcontractors. The main contribution is thedevelopment of a model for mapping and managing the construction planning process,so as to enhance coordination and the performance of the construction supplychain.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Trondheim: Akademika forlag, 2013. 546-556 p.
Keyword [en]
BSCOR, Construction logistics, Construction planning, Planning framework, SCOR, Supply chain management
National Category
Construction Management Building Technologies Transport Systems and Logistics Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-96754ISBN: 9788232102730 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-96754DiVA: diva2:643213
Conference
7th Nordic Conference on Construction Economics and Organisation, 12-14 June 2013, Trondheim, Norway
Available from: 2013-08-26 Created: 2013-08-26 Last updated: 2013-11-25Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Towards a Framework for Process Mapping and Performance Measurement in Construction Supply Chains
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Towards a Framework for Process Mapping and Performance Measurement in Construction Supply Chains
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The purpose with this study is to develop a framework for process mapping and performance measurement in construction supply chains. This is done as current literature suggest that many of the problems that cause the cost- and time overruns in construction can be mitigated by implementing supply chain management (SCM) principles. For example, temporary organisations, fragmentation, etc. can affect the time and cost as work and information among members easily are delayed and even distorted. It is also recognised by many authors that planning the construction work and logistics often are tainted with synchronisation and coordination problems between supply chain members. It is deemed necessary with a framework for mapping logistic activities and measuring supply chain performance. Up until now, there exists no framework for mapping the whole construction supply chain and measuring its performance, that encompasses the whole chain from raw material to the finished building.

As stated above, the purpose with this thesis is to develop such a framework. In order to do so an existing framework is used as a basis, the Supply Chain Operations Reference (SCOR) model. The SCOR model consists of five process groups (Plan, Source, Make, Deliver, and Return) hierarchically structured in three levels and some 500 predefined performance metrics. This framework is proven fruitful in other industries but it is also proven by other authors in the field suitable as a basis for a construction adapted version. Other frameworks do exist, but none of these are as comprehensive as the SCOR model. Resent research also suggests that the SCOR model is possible to adjust to unique industry settings. It is identified in this study that the SCOR model has to be adapted to the characteristics of the construction industry. Therefore, the framework presented in this thesis is developed via adaption of the SCOR model to the characteristics of the construction industry. In doing so, a total of four research objectives corresponding to the process groups in the SCOR model are considered for adapting the SCOR model. The Return process, however, is not included in this thesis.

Objective 1. Adapt the SCOR model’s Deliver process to the characteristics of the construction industry.

Objective 2. Adapt the SCOR model’s Source processes to the characteristics of the construction industry.

Objective 3. Adapt the SCOR model’s Make processes to the characteristics of the construction industry.

Objective 4. Adapt the SCOR model’s Plan processes to the characteristics of the construction industry.

The main method utilised in the study is case study research. The results are derived from a total of three case studies. The SCOR model is applied to the cases as it is. Through observing how suitable the framework is for the industry the four aforementioned objectives are addressed. Except from direct observations (with time measurements), other data gathering methods utilised are questionnaires and interviews.

The adapted version of the SCOR model is entitled the Builder’s SCOR model (BSCOR). Findings from the studies indicate that necessary changes to the SCOR model concerns how the material flow in the processes are separated. The SCOR model suggests separating materials based on type of end product (e.g. Make-to-Stock – MTS, Make-to-Order – MTO, or Engineer-to-Order – ETO character). In the BSCOR model, the flow of materials are separated based on who orders them (the main contractor or any of the subcontractors), rather than type of material. The BSCOR model also suggests how the planning process should be organised in order to overcome coordination issues. Finally, one measurement included in the BSCOR model is to keep track of whether an incoming delivery of construction materials is notified in time. An order is not perfectly delivered if it is not notified in time.

One managerial contribution with the study is a framework for mapping supply chain activities and measuring supply chain performance. The framework also offers the ability to measure how the supply chain of a company performs compared to other companies’ supply chains. The study contributes to the academia as it fills the gap of a lack in frameworks suitable for mapping and measuring construction logistics. It also contributes in reporting on the current logistics status in the construction industry.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. 76 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1631
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101964 (URN)10.3384/lic.diva-101964 (DOI)LIU-TEK-LIC-2013:65 (Local ID)978-91-7519-462-2 (ISBN)LIU-TEK-LIC-2013:65 (Archive number)LIU-TEK-LIC-2013:65 (OAI)
Presentation
2013-12-06, K3, Kåkenhus, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-25 Created: 2013-11-25 Last updated: 2013-12-03Bibliographically approved

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Thunberg, MicaelPersson, FredrikRudberg, Martin

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