Deformation mechanisms of a 20Mn TWIP steel investigated by in situ neutron diffraction and TEM
2013 (English)In: Acta Materialia, ISSN 1359-6454, E-ISSN 1873-2453, Vol. 61, no 16, 6093-6106 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The deformation mechanisms and associated microstructure changes during tensile loading of an annealed twinning-induced plasticity steel with chemical composition Fe-20Mn-3Si-3Al-0.045C (wt.%) were systematically investigated using in situ time-of-flight neutron diffraction in combination with post mortem transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The initial microstructure of the investigated alloy consists of equiaxed gamma grains with the initial alpha'-phase of similar to 7% in volume. In addition to dislocation slip, twinning and two types of martensitic transformations from the austenite to alpha'- and epsilon-martensites were observed as the main deformation modes during the tensile deformation. In situ neutron diffraction provides a powerful tool for establishing the deformation mode map for elucidating the role of different deformation modes in different strain regions. The critical stress is 520 MPa for the martensitic transformation from austenite to alpha'-martensite, whereas a higher stress (>600 MPa) is required for actuating the deformation twin and/or the martensitic transformation from austenite to epsilon-martensite. Both epsilon- and alpha'-martensites act as hard phases, whereas mechanical twinning contributes to both the strength and the ductility of the studied steel. TEM observations confirmed that the twinning process was facilitated by the parent grains oriented with < 1 1 1 > or < 1 1 0 > parallel to the loading direction. The nucleation and growth of twins are attributed to the pole and self-generation formation mechanisms, as well as the stair-rod cross-slip mechanism.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 61, no 16, 6093-6106 p.
twinning-induced plasticity steel, in situ neutron diffraction, twinning, martensite
Engineering and Technology Materials Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-97037DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2013.06.051ISI: 000324449700016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-97037DiVA: diva2:645193