Late onset neonatal sepsis, risk factors and interventions: an analysis of recurrent outbreaks of Serratia marcescens 2006-2011
2014 (English)In: Journal of Hospital Infection, ISSN 0195-6701, E-ISSN 1532-2939, Vol. 86, no 1, 57-63 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: during the period 2006 to 2011 we observed 11 patients with Serratia marcescens sepsis, a total of 47 patients were colonised due to spread of different clones. These recurrent clusters brought about interventions to reduce spread between patients.
Aim: to evaluate the effect of stepwise introduced interventions to prevent S marcescens colonisation/sepsis and to analyse risk factors for late onset sepsis (LOS).
Methods: to evaluate the interventions an open retrospective observational study was performed. A retrospective case-control study was performed to analyse risk factors for LOS.
Findings: main findings of this study were the decrease in S marcescens sepsis and colonisation after the stepwise adoption of hygiene interventions, as well as identifying low gestational age, low birth weight, indwelling central venous or umbilical catheter and ventilator treatment as risk factors for LOS. Compliance to basic hygiene guidelines was the only intervention continuously monitored from late 2007. Compliance increased gradually to a steady high level early 2009. There was a decrease in LOS with S marcescens (LOS-Ser) clustering after the second quarter of 2008. After the first quarter of 2009 we saw a decrease in S marcescens colonisation.
Conclusion: We were not able to isolate specific effects of each intervention, but an update of our antibiotic policy probably had effect on the occurrence of LOS-ser. The delayed effect of interventions on S marcescens colonisation was probably due to the time it takes for new routines to have impact, illustrated by the gradual increase in compliance to basic hygiene guidelines.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2014. Vol. 86, no 1, 57-63 p.
Serratia marcescens, outbreak, neonatal, late onset sepsis
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-97707DOI: 10.1016/j.jhin.2013.09.017ISI: 000328481500009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-97707DiVA: diva2:650220