Making renewable electricity a reality: Policies and challenges when transforming Germany´s electricity system
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10,5 credits / 16 HE creditsStudent thesis
Germany is to undertake a speedy phase-out of nuclear energy and at the same time move into the age of renewable energy. The policy basis for the transformation of the electricity system is the Renewable Energy Sources Act (EEG). The aim of this report is to investigate the transformation of the German electricity system: popularly called the Energiewende. The report will introduce and analyze the Renewable Energy Sources Act as a policy instrument, and how the electricity grid needs to be developed in order to handle the increasing shares of electricity from renewable sources. The history, main regulations, and the success of the EEG will be investigated. Furthermore, the ways in which the EEG needs to be revised will be given attention. The imperfections of today’s electricity grid when implementing a dominating share of renewable electricity, and ways in which Information and Communication Technology can be used in solving those imperfections will be analyzed. The basis for this thesis is a literature study. Since this is a current topic changing frequently, up-to-date research is used as the main reference. The EEG is based on a feed-in tariff system. The main concern when implementing a dominating share of renewable electricity is the fluctuation over time. It is difficult to know how much power will be produced and when. The future challenge of the electricity grid is to keep meeting demand and supply in a secure way. To succeed with the transformation, the EEG not only needs to be revised but a solution to the system stability is also necessary. The EEG is considered a successful policy instrument but what it is missing today is incentives for balancing demand and supply, energy efficiency, and technology innovation. In order to deal with fluctuating sources, the main focus when upgrading the grid should be to improve the forecasting issues. The success of making RES a significant part in electricity generation could become strong proof for the global community that an electricity system based on renewable energy sources is possible.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 40 p.
energy, Germany, energy systems, electricity, electricity system, the renewable energy sources act, EEG, EU, policies, renewable technologies, smart meters, smart grid
Other Natural Sciences Environmental Sciences Energy Engineering
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98198ISRN: LIU-‐IEI-TEK-G-‐13/00543-‐SEOAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-98198DiVA: diva2:652745
Subject / course
2013-09-05, 16:01 (English)
Olsson, Linda, Doktorand
Trygg, Louise, Docent