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Firm-level entrepreneurship and the internationalization of small and medium-sized enterprises
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial Marketing and Industrial Economics. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

During the last decade, firm-level entrepreneurship as an important phenomenon that may influence the corporate performance, attracted the attention of many researchers and a number of measurements were developed to gauge the entrepreneurial intensity at the firm level such as entrepreneurial orientation, corporate entrepreneurship, and entrepreneurial management. EO and CE found more popularity and researchers employed them to investigate the phenomenon of firm-level entrepreneurship.

Incrementally, a contradiction was emerged in the literature regarding the proper measurement of FLE. A number of studies recommended  integrating EO and CE in a more comprehensive measurement to develop a deeper understanding of firms’ entrepreneurial intensity. In fact, EO and CE complement each other. While the former focuses on the proclivity of firms to have entrepreneurial behaviors and activities, the latter is the output- based construct and points out to the actual entrepreneurial actions such as innovation, venturing and strategic renewal.

This study develops an integrative model of EO and CE to classify the companies in four different categories includes non-entrepreneurial, forced-entrepreneurial, latent-entrepreneurial, and actual entrepreneurial firms. The primary objective of the study is to investigate if the actual entrepreneurial firms show the higher degrees of internationalization or not.

The research has performed in two different steps to confirm the integrative model and testify the research hypotheses. In the first step, the multi-case study approach is primarily applied to investigate if the model categorizes companies that are actually different or not. To conduct this step, four companies were selected that each one was the representative of a unique category of the model. Then deep interviews were performed to assess their behaviors on some especial characteristics, which were previously mentioned as the different characteristics of entrepreneurial versus non-entrepreneurial firms. To testify the research hypotheses, a questionnaire was designed that was included of questions, which were applied and validated by former studies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. , 109 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1623
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98274DOI: 10.3384/lic.diva-98274Local ID: LiU-­TEK-­Lic-2013:57ISBN: 978-91-7519-497-4 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-98274DiVA: diva2:653898
Presentation
2013-10-14, ACAS. A-huset, Campus Valla, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-10-07 Created: 2013-10-07 Last updated: 2017-07-07Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Taxonomy of entrepreneurial firms; entrepreneurial orientation versus corporate entrepreneurship
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Taxonomy of entrepreneurial firms; entrepreneurial orientation versus corporate entrepreneurship
2012 (English)In: Proceedings of International Trade and Academic Research Conference (ITARC), 2012Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

With attention to insufficiencies of existing measurements and recommendations to design a more comprehensive construct to gauge the Firm Level Entrepreneurship (FLE), this paper presents a fourfold taxonomy model of entrepreneurial firms. By comparing the degree of Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO) that shows the tendency of firms to engage in entrepreneurial activities and their actual engagement in entrepreneurship, which determines by Corporate Entrepreneurship (CE), the model, divides the firms into four categorizes; Non Entrepreneurial (NE), Forced Entrepreneurial (FE), Latent Entrepreneurial (LE), and Actual Entrepreneurial (AE). Main characteristics, attitudes, and behaviors of each kind are explored, and they are compared based on their goals to start the business, vision, reactions to competitors, perceived environment, risk taking, implementing of innovation, renewing the organizational structure, and obstacles to entrepreneurial actions.

Keyword
Entrepreneurial orientation, corporate entrepreneurship
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89561 (URN)
Conference
International Trade and Academic Research Conference (ITARC 2012), 7-8 November 2012, London, UK
Available from: 2013-02-26 Created: 2013-02-26 Last updated: 2013-10-07
2. Network based theories and internationalization of firms: applications toempirical studies
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Network based theories and internationalization of firms: applications toempirical studies
2012 (English)In: Proceedings  of International Trade and Academic Research Conference (ITARC), 2012Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

By using a topology of the most frequently used network-based theories on the firms’ internationalization; this paper is going to present some recommendations to correctly apply those theories in future internationalization studies. We have identified eight network-based theories that are broadly used in internationalization studies. These theories are Relationship Approach, Social Network Analysis and Network Mapping in American schools, and Industrial Marketing and Purchasing Group (IMP) Interaction Approach, ARA-Model, Network Embeddedness,  Revised Uppsala Model and Network-based Internationalization Theory, which are developed by European universities.

Keyword
Network based theories, Internationalization, Revised Uppsala Model, ARA-Model, and Network Embeddedness.
National Category
Economics and Business Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-89562 (URN)
Conference
International Trade and Academic Research Conference (ITARC 2012), 7-8 November 2012, London, UK
Available from: 2013-02-26 Created: 2013-02-26 Last updated: 2013-10-07Bibliographically approved
3. The role of entrepreneurial orientation on corporate performance: A moderated mediation model
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The role of entrepreneurial orientation on corporate performance: A moderated mediation model
2013 (English)In: Conference Proceedings : Australia Centre for Entrepreneurship (ACE)Research Exchange Conference 2013, Australia Centre for Entrepreneurship, Brisbane, Australia / [ed] Per Davidsson, 2013Conference paper, Published paper (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurial orientation (EO), corporate entrepreneurship (CE) and their connections with corporate performance attract more attention during last decades. Researchers claimed that the EO-performance relationship is very complicated. Future studies should incorporate moderator and mediator factors in their models to precisely explain that complexity. In this paper we have chosen the most common environmental characteristics include environmental dynamism and environmental hostility to investigate their moderation effects.

In this study EO refers to tendency of firms to have entrepreneurial activities while CE points out to the their actual entrepreneurial activities. Previous studies mentioned EO as the basis and necessary condition of CE. Therefore, we have supposed a mediation role for CE in EO-performance relationship. By incorporating this mediation model with environmental moderators, the final moderated mediation model of EO-CEperformance and environmental characteristics is designed.

Hierarchical multiple regression and Baron and Kenny (1986)’s techniques are respectively applied to testify the moderating and mediating effects.

Keyword
Entrepreneurial Orientation, Corporate Entrepreneurship, Corporate Performance, Environmental Dynamism, and Environmental Hostility
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98272 (URN)978-1-921897-55-9 (ISBN)
Conference
Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship (ACE) Research Exchange Conference 2013, Feb 6-8, 2013, Brisbane, Australia.
Available from: 2013-10-07 Created: 2013-10-07 Last updated: 2013-10-07Bibliographically approved
4. The contribution of entrepreneurial orientation to the corporate performance: A deeper understanding
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The contribution of entrepreneurial orientation to the corporate performance: A deeper understanding
2012 (English)In: Proceedings  of International Trade and Academic Research Conference (ITARC), 2012Conference paper, Oral presentation only (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Entrepreneurial Orientation (EO) becomes a very popular construct among entrepreneurship researchers and studying its connection with corporate performance has been in the center of attention for three decades. In spite of its popularity, there is a little consistency about the EO-performance connection among empirical studies. To deal with this inconsistency, researchers have introduced more comprehensive models of EO-performance relationship, which includes moderator and mediator factors. Former researchers also suggested employing more complicated research methods such as multi-case study or mix design to infer a deeper understanding of the EOPerformance connection.

In this paper, we recruit a mix research design that incorporates survey and multi-case study to examine the contribution of EO to the corporate performance. To represent a more comprehensive model of EO-performance connection, the most popular previous moderators include environment dynamism and environment hostility are considered.

By integrating qualitative and quantitative data, a more dynamic model of EOPerformance is presented that is consist of time of enabling, business and personal networks and transmition of EO. The EO transmission mechanism is added to the model as a new mechanism that explains the transmitting of EO from a more powerful actor (supplier, costumer or competitor) to a weaker company through formal or informal contracts or partnerships.

Keyword
EO, Corporate Performance, EO Transmission Mechanism, Time of Enabling, and business and Personal Networks
National Category
Economics and Business
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98273 (URN)
Conference
The European Entrepreneurship: How Entrepreneurs (Should) Act in Global Business Environment, Fifth Anniversary International Conference, 9 -11 September, 2013, Albena, Varna, Bulgaria
Available from: 2013-10-07 Created: 2013-10-07 Last updated: 2013-10-07Bibliographically approved

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