ERdj5 sensitizes neuroblastoma cells to endoplasmic reticulum stress-induced apoptosis
2009 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 284, no 10, 6282-6290 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Down-regulation of the unfolded protein response (UPR) can be therapeutically valuable in cancer treatment, and endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident chaperone proteins may thus be targets for developing novel chemotherapeutic strategies. ERdj5 is a novel ER chaperone that regulates the ER-associated degradation of misfolded proteins through its associations with EDEM and the ER stress sensor BiP. To investigate whether ERdj5 can regulate ER stress signaling pathways, we exposed neuroblastoma cells overexpressing ERdj5 to ER stress inducers. ERdj5 promoted apoptosis in tunicamycin, thapsigargin, and bortezomib-treated cells. To provide further evidence that ERdj5 induces ER stress-regulated apoptosis, we targeted Bcl-2 to ER of ERdj5-overexpressing cells. Targeting the Bcl-2 to ER prevented the apoptosis induced by ER stress inducers but not by non-ER stress apoptotic stimuli, suggesting induction of ER stress-regulated apoptosis by ERdj5. ERdj5 enhanced apoptosis by abolishing the ER stress-induced phosphorylation of eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2alpha (eIF2alpha) and the subsequent translational repression. ERdj5 was found to inhibit the eIF2alpha phosphorylation under ER stress through inactivating the pancreatic endoplasmic reticulum kinase. The compromised integrated stress response observed in ERdj5-overexpressing ER-stressed cells due to repressed eIF2alpha phosphorylation correlated with impaired neuroblastoma cell resistance under ER stress. These results demonstrate that ERdj5 decreases neuroblastoma cell survival by down-regulating the UPR, raising the possibility that this protein could be a target for anti-tumor approaches.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2009. Vol. 284, no 10, 6282-6290 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98718DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M806189200ISI: 000263742700031PubMedID: 19122239OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-98718DiVA: diva2:655543