Intracellular compartmentation of deoxycytidine nucleotide pools in S phase mouse 3T3 fibroblasts
1989 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 264, no 2, 960-964 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We labeled mouse 3T3 fibroblasts, synchronized in G0 or S phase, from [3H]cytidine or [3H]deoxycytidine and measured the flow of isotope into and through deoxycytidine nucleotide pools, including the two deoxyliponucleotides dCDP choline and dCDP ethanolamine. Compared to G0 cells, S phase cells had much larger pools with a 20-40-fold faster turnover. The dCTP pool of S phase cells during steady state conditions attained a 6-fold higher specific activity than the pool of G0 cells when labeled from cytidine but a 10-fold lower specific activity when labeled from deoxycytidine. The dCTP pool of G0 cells showed a slow but measurable turnover indicating a limited amount of de novo synthesis also in resting cells. The labeling pattern of dCTP and deoxyliponucleotides of G0 cells was compatible with a simple precursor-product relationship. In S phase cells, however, dCDP choline had a 4-6 times higher specific activity during steady state conditions than dCTP and dCMP when the cells were labeled with [3H]deoxycytidine. We suggest that 3T3 cells contain two distinct intracellular dCTP pools, one labeled preferentially from cytidine and used for DNA replication, the other labeled from deoxycytidine and used for deoxyliponucleotide synthesis. We speculate that the latter pool during S phase may be temporarily sequestered in the cell's membrane fraction before equilibration with the much larger dCTP pool originating in S phase cells from the reduction of CDP.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 1989. Vol. 264, no 2, 960-964 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98790PubMedID: 2910874OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-98790DiVA: diva2:655880