Characterization of the flavin reductase gene (fre) of Escherichia coli and construction of a plasmid for overproduction of the enzyme
1991 (English)In: Journal of Bacteriology, ISSN 0021-9193, E-ISSN 1098-5530, Vol. 173, no 12, 3673-3679 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The enzyme NAD(P)H:flavin oxidoreductase (flavin reductase) catalyzes the reduction of soluble flavins by reduced pyridine nucleotides. In Escherichia coli it is part of a multienzyme system that reduces the Fe(III) center of ribonucleotide reductase to Fe(II) and thereby sets the stage for the generation by dioxygen of a free tyrosyl radical required for enzyme activity. Similar enzymes are known in other organisms and may more generally be involved in iron metabolism. We have now isolated the gene for the E. coli flavin reductase from a lambda gt11 library. After DNA sequencing we found an open reading frame coding for a polypeptide of 233 amino acids, with a molecular weight of 26,212 and with an N-terminal segment identical to that determined by direct Edman degradation. The coding sequence is preceded by a weak ribosome binding site centered 8 nucleotides from the start codon and by a promoterlike sequence centered at a distance of 83 nucleotides. In a Kohara library the gene hybridized to position 3680 on the physical map of E. coli. A bacterial strain that overproduced the enzyme approximately 100-fold was constructed. The translated amino acid sequence contained a potential pyridine nucleotide-binding site and showed 25% identity with the C-terminal part of one subunit (protein C) of methane monooxygenase from methanotropic bacteria that reduces the iron center of a second subunit (protein A) of the oxygenase by pyridine nucleotides.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Microbiology , 1991. Vol. 173, no 12, 3673-3679 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98791PubMedID: 2050627OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-98791DiVA: diva2:655883