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Human mitochondrial thioredoxin. Involvement in mitochondrial membrane potential and cell death
Department of Biosciences at Novum, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.
Department of Biosciences at Novum, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.
Department of Developmental Biology, Tampere University Hospital, Finland.
Department of Biosciences at Novum, Karolinska Institute, Huddinge, Sweden.
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2002 (English)In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, E-ISSN 1083-351X, Vol. 277, no 36, 33249-33257 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Thioredoxins (Trx) are a class of small multifunctional redox-active proteins found in all organisms. Recently, we reported the cloning of a mitochondrial thioredoxin, Trx2, from rat heart. To investigate the biological role of Trx2 we have isolated the human homologue, hTrx2, and generated HEK-293 cells overexpressing Trx2 (HEK-Trx2). Here, we show that HEK-Trx2 cells are more resistant toward etoposide. In addition, HEK-Trx2 are more sensitive toward rotenone, an inhibitor of complex I of the respiratory chain. Finally, overexpression of Trx2 confers an increase in mitochondrial membrane potential, DeltaPsi(m). Treatment with oligomycin could both reverse the effect of rotenone and decrease the membrane potential suggesting that Trx2 interferes with the activity of ATP synthase. Taken together, these results suggest that Trx2 interacts with specific components of the mitochondrial respiratory chain and plays an important role in the regulation of the mitochondrial membrane potential.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2002. Vol. 277, no 36, 33249-33257 p.
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Medical and Health Sciences
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URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-98804DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M203036200PubMedID: 12080052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-98804DiVA: diva2:655919
Available from: 2013-10-14 Created: 2013-10-14 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Spyrou, Giannis

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
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  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
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  • Other style
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  • de-DE
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  • en-US
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  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
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Output format
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