Interleukin-6 primarily produced by non-hematopoietic cells mediates the lipopolysaccharide-induced febrile response
2013 (English)In: Brain, behavior, and immunity, ISSN 0889-1591, E-ISSN 1090-2139, Vol. 33, 123-130 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is critical for the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced febrile response. However, the exact source(s) of IL-6 involved in regulating the LPS-elicited fever is still to be identified. One known source of IL-6 is hematopoietic cells, such as monocytes. To clarify the contribution of hematopoietically derived IL-6 to fever, we created chimeric mice expressing IL-6 selectively either in cells of hematopoietic or, conversely, in cells of non-hematopoietic origin. This was performed by extinguishing hematopoietic cells in wild-type (WT) or IL-6 knockout (IL-6 KO) mice by whole-body irradiation and transplanting them with new stem cells. Mice on a WT background but lacking IL-6 in hematopoietic cells displayed normal fever to LPS and were found to have similar levels of IL-6 protein in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and in plasma and of IL-6 mRNA in the brain as WT mice. In contrast, mice on an IL-6 KO background, but with intact IL-6 production in cells of hematopoietic origin, only showed a minor elevation of the body temperature after peripheral LPS injection. While they displayed significantly elevated levels of IL-6 both in plasma and CSF compared with control mice, the increase was modest compared with that seen in LPS injected mice on a WT background, the latter being approximately 20 times larger in magnitude. These results suggest that IL-6 of non-hematopoietic origin is the main source of IL-6 in LPS-induced fever, and that IL-6 produced by hematopoietic cells only plays a minor role.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2013. Vol. 33, 123-130 p.
Interleukin-6, Hematopoietic cells, Bone marrow transplantation, Fever
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99401DOI: 10.1016/j.bbi.2013.06.006ISI: 000324788300016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-99401DiVA: diva2:656921
Funding Agencies|Swedish Research Council|33X-0787968X-2053564X-21463|Swedish Cancer Foundation|4095|Swedish Brain Foundation||Tore Nilsson Foundation||Ake Wiberg Foundation||Langmanska Kulturfonden||Lars Hierta Memorial Foundation||Magn. Bergvall Foundation||County Council of Ostergotland||Harald and Greta Jeansson Foundation||Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences||Foundation of the National Board of Health and Welfare||2013-10-172013-10-172016-05-04