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Angiotensin II-induced contraction is attenuated by nitric oxide in afferent arterioles from the nonclipped kidney in 2K1C
Uppsala universitet, Institutionen för medicinsk cellbiologi.
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2009 (English)In: American Journal of Physiology - Renal Physiology, ISSN 0363-6127, E-ISSN 1522-1466, Vol. 296, no 1, F78-F86 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Two-kidney, one-clip (2K1C) is a model of renovascular hypertension where we previously found an exaggerated intracellular calcium (Ca(i)(2+)) response to ANG II in isolated afferent arterioles (AAs) from the clipped kidney (Helle F, Vagnes OB, Iversen BM. Am J Physiol Renal Physiol 291: F140-F147, 2006). To test whether nitric oxide (NO) ameliorates the exaggerated ANG II response in 2K1C, we studied ANG II (10(-7) mol/l)-induced calcium signaling and contractility with or without the NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor N(G)-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME). In AAs from the nonclipped kidney, l-NAME increased the ANG II-induced Ca(i)(2+) response from 0.28 +/- 0.05 to 0.55 +/- 0.09 (fura 2, 340 nm/380 nm ratio) and increased contraction from 80 +/- 6 to 60 +/- 6% of baseline (P < 0.05). In vessels from sham and clipped kidneys, l-NAME had no effect. In diaminofluorescein-FM diacetate-loaded AAs from the nonclipped kidney, ANG II increased NO-derived fluorescence to 145 +/- 34% of baseline (P < 0.05 vs. sham), but not in vessels from the sham or clipped kidney. Endothelial NOS (eNOS) mRNA and ser-1177 phosphorylation were unchanged in both kidneys from 2K1C, while eNOS protein was reduced in the clipped kidney compared with sham. Cationic amino acid transferase-1 and 2 mRNAs were increased in 2K1C, indicating increased availability of l-arginine for NO synthesis, but counteracted by decreased scavenging of the eNOS inhibitor asymmetric dimethylarginine by dimethylarginine dimethylaminohydrolase 2. In conclusion, the Ca(i)(2+) and contractile responses to ANG II are blunted by NO release in the nonclipped kidney. This may protect the nonclipped kidney from the hypertension and elevated ANG II levels in 2K1C.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 296, no 1, F78-F86 p.
Keyword [en]
two-kidney, one-clip, renovascular hypertension
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99313DOI: 10.1152/ajprenal.90518.2008ISI: 000262101200009PubMedID: 18945823OAI: diva2:657189
Available from: 2009-05-05 Created: 2013-10-15 Last updated: 2013-10-18

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Palm, Fredrik
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