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Further characterization of hormonal regulation of glutathione transferase in rat liver and adrenal glands. Sex differences and demonstration that growth hormone regulates the hepatic levels
Wallenberg Laboratory, Stockholm University, Sweden.
Wallenberg Laboratory, Stockholm University, Sweden.
Wallenberg Laboratory, Stockholm University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3927-4394
Huddinge University Hospital, Sweden.
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1992 (English)In: Biochemical Journal, ISSN 0264-6021, E-ISSN 1470-8728, Vol. 286 ( Pt 1), 65-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Immunoblot experiments and reverse-phase h.p.l.c. were used to study the levels of glutathione transferase subunits 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 8 in the liver and adrenal of intact and hypophysectomized male and female Sprague-Dawley rats. A sexual dimorphism in the levels of several of these isoenzymes and in their responses to hypophysectomy was demonstrated. In the liver of sham-operated females and males there are differences in glutathione transferase activities and isoenzyme pattern. H.p.l.c. analysis showed higher levels of subunits 1, 3 and 4 in male rats compared with females. In contrast with the pronounced sex differences in sham-operated rats, the isoenzyme patterns of hypophysectomized males and females were very similar. In the adrenal glands, however, a sexual dimorphism became apparent only after hypophysectomy, when the level of subunit 4 was increased 14-fold in the female, whereas the corresponding increase in the male rat was only 2.7-fold. The hepatic pattern of glutathione transferase subunits could be altered by continuous infusion of growth hormone to both sham-operated and hypophysectomized rats of both sexes. This treatment feminized the isoenzyme pattern in sham-operated males and a similar effect was obtained upon treating hypophysectomized rats with thyroxine, cortisone acetate and a continuous infusion of growth hormone.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Portland Press, 1992. Vol. 286 ( Pt 1), 65-72 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99878ISI: A1992JJ76700011PubMedID: 1520285OAI: diva2:658722
Available from: 2013-10-22 Created: 2013-10-22 Last updated: 2013-10-31Bibliographically approved

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Söderström, Mats
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