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cNGR: A novel homing sequence for CD13/APN targeted molecular imaging of murine cardiac angiogenesis in vivo
CARIM, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands.
CARIM, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands.
CARIM, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands.
CARIM, University of Maastricht, The Netherlands.
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2006 (English)In: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology, ISSN 1079-5642, E-ISSN 1524-4636, Vol. 26, no 12, 2681-2687 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


Previously, the peptide sequence cNGR has been shown to home specifically to CD13/APN (aminopeptidase N) on tumor endothelium. Here, we investigated the feasibility of selective imaging of cardiac angiogenesis using the cNGR-CD13/APN system.


CD13/APN induction and cNGR homing were studied in the murine myocardial infarction (MI) model. By real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) at 7 days after MI, CD13/APN expression was 10- to 20-fold higher in the angiogenic infarct border zone and the MI area than in non-MI areas. In vivo fluorescence microscopy confirmed specific homing of fluorophore-tagged cNGR to the border zone and MI territory at 4 and 7 days after MI with a local advantage of 2.3, but not at 1 or 14 days after MI. Tissue residence half-life was 9.1+/-0.3 hours, whereas the half-life in plasma was 15.4+/-3.4 minutes. Pulse chase experiments confirmed reversible binding of cNGR in the infarct area. Fluorescent labeled cNGR conjugates or antibodies were injected in vivo, and their distribution was studied ex vivo by 2-photon laser scanning microscopy (TPLSM). cNGR co-localized exclusively with CD13/APN and the endothelial marker CD31 on vessels.


In cardiac angiogenesis endothelial CD13/APN is upregulated. It can be targeted specifically with cNGR conjugates. In the heart cNGR binds its endothelial target only in angiogenic areas.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Heart Association , 2006. Vol. 26, no 12, 2681-2687 p.
Keyword [en]
aminopeptidase N; angiogenesis; molecular imaging; NGR; vascular biology
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-99965DOI: 10.1161/01.ATV.0000245807.65714.0bISI: 000243566100016PubMedID: 16990557OAI: diva2:659147
Available from: 2013-10-24 Created: 2013-10-24 Last updated: 2013-11-04Bibliographically approved

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de Muinck, Ebo D.
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ReferencesLink to record
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