Low temperature synthesis of seed mediated CuO bundle of nanowires, their structural characterisation and cholesterol detection
2013 (English)In: Materials science & engineering. C, biomimetic materials, sensors and systems, ISSN 0928-4931, Vol. 33, no 7, 3889-3898 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this study, we have successfully synthesised CuO bundle of nanowires using simple, cheap and low temperature hydrothermal growth method. The growth parameters such as precursor concentration and time for duration of growth were optimised. The field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) has demonstrated that the CuO bundles of nanowires are highly dense, uniform and perpendicularly oriented to the substrate. The high resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) has demonstrated that the CuO nanostructures consist of bundle of nanowires and their growth pattern is along the  direction. The X-ray diffraction (XRD) technique described that CuO bundle of nanowires possess the monoclinic crystal phase. The surface and chemical composition analyses were carried out with X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) technique and the obtained results suggested the pure crystal state of CuO nanostructures. In addition, the CuO nanowires were used for the cholesterol sensing application by immobilising the cholesterol oxidase through electrostatic attraction. The infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy study has also revealed that CuO nanostructures are consisting of only Cu-O bonding and has also shown the possible interaction of cholesterol oxidase with the sharp edge surface of CuO bundle of nanowires. The proposed cholesterol sensor has demonstrated the wide range of detection of cholesterol with good sensitivity of 33.88 +/- 0.96 mV/decade. Moreover, the CuO bundle of nanowires based sensor electrode has revealed good repeatability, reproducibility, stability, selectivity and a fast response time of less than 10 s. The cholesterol sensor based on the immobilised cholesterol oxidase has good potential applicability for the determination of cholesterol from the human serum and other biological samples.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2013. Vol. 33, no 7, 3889-3898 p.
CuO bundle of nanowires, Hydrothermal method, Seed layer, IRAS, Potentiometric technique, Cholesterol sensor
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-100485DOI: 10.1016/j.msec.2013.05.029ISI: 000325445700042OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-100485DiVA: diva2:662962