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Association between adolescents' self-perceived oral health and self-reported experiences of abuse
Karolinska Institutet, Huddinge, Sweden.
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Uppsala University, Sweden.
Uppsala University, Sweden.
Karolinska University Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.
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2013 (English)In: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 121, no 6, 594-599 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigated the association between self-perceived oral health and self-reported exposure to different types of child abuse. It was hypothesized that self-perceived oral health is compromised in exposed adolescents. All Grade-9 compulsory school and second-year high-school pupils in Södermanland County, Sweden (n = 7,262) were invited to take part in a population-based survey; 5,940 adolescents responded. Survey items on health and social wellbeing included self-perceived oral health and exposure to abuse. The results showed that poor self-perceived oral health was associated with self-reported experience of physical abuse, intimate partner violence, forced sex, and bullying (adjusted OR = 2.3–14.7). The likelihood of reporting poor oral health increased from an adjusted OR of 2.1 for a single incident of abuse to an adjusted OR of 23.3 for multiple abuses. In conclusion, poor self-perceived oral health and previous exposure to child physical abuse, intimate partner violence, bullying, and forced sex is associated. It is important that dental professionals recognize adolescents with poor subjective oral health and take into consideration child abuse as a possible cause in order to prevent these adolescents from further victimization. These results further strengthen that dental professionals are an important resource in child protection.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. Vol. 121, no 6, 594-599 p.
Keyword [en]
child abuse; pediatric dentistry; population characteristics; young adults
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-100804DOI: 10.1111/eos.12084ISI: 000330973300012PubMedID: 24206076OAI: diva2:663743
Available from: 2013-11-12 Created: 2013-11-12 Last updated: 2014-03-06Bibliographically approved

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Annerbäck, Eva-Maria
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