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Developing integration in a local industrial ecosystem: Human dimensions
Linköping University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Environmental Technology and Management. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
Linköping University, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Energy Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The objective of this study is to evaluate the human dimensions of improving energy and material-use efficiency of a system through increased integration and exchange between local actors. The results are based on a case study of a Swedish municipality with developed forest industry. The actors' views are discussed together with the most important factors to enable increased integration and exchange to take place. The greatest barriers found were lack of knowledge and resources, attitudes, time frames, development consent, and lack of continuity and local power for some companies. One conclusion is that the municipal authority could have a role as coordinator of local integration projects. However, tius role can be impeded by the weak integration of different divisions in the municipality's organisation and it is suggested that companies with integration as their business concept can be key actors when developing more integrated networks. It was also clear that intra-organisational issues may impede inter-organisational integration.

Keyword [en]
forest industry, energy and material exhanges, integration, co-operation, industrial ecosystems, industrial symbiosis, actors' views
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-100822OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-100822DiVA: diva2:663769
Available from: 2013-11-12 Created: 2013-11-12 Last updated: 2013-11-12
In thesis
1. Developing efficient industrial systems through increased integration: applications in the forest industry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Developing efficient industrial systems through increased integration: applications in the forest industry
2005 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The starting point of this work is that it is possible for an industry to increase its product value and simultaneously decrease its use of resources and production of waste material if its material and energy flows are effectively integrated into a larger system. The character and the extent of a company's environmental impact is to a large extent determined in this interaction between companies and other external actors.

The objective of this study was to find and evaluate examples of integration in the Swedish forest industry, and to develop an approach for initiating integration. The results are based on socio-technical case studies, and functionality, organisation and development of integrated systems have been addressed. The types of integration discussed are integrated biofuel upgrading, material and energy exchange between industries and/ or community, and the possibility to initiate the development of a local industrial ecosystem. It is argued that a certain degree of integration exists within the forest industry today, and in the cases studied here the integration is considered fruitful from the companies' point of view. Some means of improvement are suggested in the systems studied and it is confirmed that these can give environmental advantages.

The human dimensions of increased integration are discussed, and it is seen that the conditions for implementation differ depending on the type of system considered. The most important conditions common for all systems are a positive attitude from the companies involved and a willingness to act. One factor that can have both a positive and a negative impact is if the company is part of a larger group. With regard to the integration of biofuel upgrading, it is seen that it is important to show that the biofuel combine is a way to develop the company in its strategic direction. Important factors for the development of a local industrial ecosystem were local roots and good knowledge of the system. Lack of resources, imperfect environmental regulations, time frames and the risks involved when adopting new technologies were among the barriers identified.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköpings universitet, 2005. 54 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1142Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 71
Keyword
forest industry, integration, industrial ecology, energy efficiency, co-operation, biofuel
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-29224 (URN)14504 (Local ID)91-85297-12-7 (ISBN)14504 (Archive number)14504 (OAI)
Presentation
2005-01-25, Hållfasthetsläras seminarierum, Hus A, Linköpings universitet, Linköping, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Available from: 2009-10-09 Created: 2009-10-09 Last updated: 2013-11-12

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Wolf, AnnaEklund, MatsSöderström, Mats

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