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Loud sound-induced changes in cochlear mechanics
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, USA.
Bose Corporation, Framingham, Massachusetts, USA.
Oregon Health & Science University, Portland, USA.
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2002 (English)In: Journal of Neurophysiology, ISSN 0022-3077, E-ISSN 1522-1598, Vol. 88, no 5, 2341-2348 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To investigate the inner ear response to intense sound and the mechanisms behind temporary threshold shifts, anesthetized guinea pigs were exposed to tones at 100-112 dB SPL. Basilar membrane vibration was measured using laser velocimetry, and the cochlear microphonic potential, compound action potential of the auditory nerve, and local electric AC potentials in the organ of Corti were used as additional indicators of cochlear function. After exposure to a 12-kHz intense tone, basilar membrane vibrations in response to probe tones at the characteristic frequency of the recording location (17 kHz) were transiently reduced. This reduction recovered over the course of 50 ms in most cases. Organ of Corti AC potentials were also reduced and recovered with a time course similar to the basilar membrane. When using a probe tone at either 1 or 4 kHz, organ of Corti AC potentials were unaffected by loud sound, indicating that transducer channels remained intact. In most experiments, both the basilar membrane and the cochlear microphonic response to the 12-kHz overstimulation was constant throughout the duration of the intense stimulus, despite a large loss of cochlear sensitivity. It is concluded that the reduction of basilar membrane velocity that followed loud sound was caused by changes in cochlear amplification and that the cochlear response to intense stimulation is determined by the passive mechanical properties of the inner ear structures.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Physiological Society , 2002. Vol. 88, no 5, 2341-2348 p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101076DOI: 10.1152/jn.00192.2002PubMedID: 12424275OAI: diva2:665140
Available from: 2013-11-19 Created: 2013-11-19 Last updated: 2013-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Fridberger, Anders
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