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Microscopic Modeling and Simulation of Pedestrian Traffic
Linköping University, Department of Science and Technology, Communications and Transport Systems. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.
2013 (English)Licentiate thesis, monograph (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Walking is an environmentally friendly and important mode of transportation. It constitutes the first and last part of almost any trip, regardless of what the main mode of transport is, and is especially important in connection to public transport trips.

When designing public transport stations, and similar facilities with large and varying volumes of pedestrian traffic, it is advantageous to be able to predict the traffic conditions at the facility before it is built; discovering too late that the traffic at the facility is inefficient and perceived as uncomfortable may be very costly. To make these predictions we need accurate quantitative models of pedestrian traffic.

The foundation of this thesis is the development of a microsimulation platform for pedestrian traffic, the Pedestrian Traffic Simulation Platform (FTSP). The platform is based on the Social Force Model (SFM) and intended for evaluation of proposed designs of pedestrian facilities. A contribution of this thesis is a thorough documentation of the implementation of the FTSP.

An extensive literature review of previous research on the SFM revealed gaps in the methodology used to study the properties of the SFM and to interpret its results. This thesis proposes local performance measures to fill this gap. These measures are based on properties of the SFM, and enable quantitative analyses of the quality of service at pedestrian facilities. The proposed measures are applied to the simulation results of some basic scenarios, which reveal previously unknown properties of the SFM. These properties can be used to test the accuracy of the SFM.

Another gap in the literature was how to include waiting behavior in the SFM. This thesis shows that accurate modeling of waiting pedestrians is important for the accuracy of the simulation results, and proposes three different extensions to the SFM to model waiting behavior.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Linköping: Linköping University Electronic Press, 2013. , 119 p.
Series
Linköping Studies in Science and Technology. Thesis, ISSN 0280-7971 ; 1629
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101085DOI: 10.3384/lic.diva-101085Local ID: LIU-TEK-LIC-2013:63ISBN: 978-91-7519-469-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-101085DiVA: diva2:665191
Presentation
2013-11-25, TP43, Täppan, Campus Norrköping, Linköpings universitet, Norrköping, 13:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-19 Created: 2013-11-19 Last updated: 2014-11-28Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, Fredrik

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