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Surface Characterization of Hollow Fibre Membranes Used in Artificial Kidney
Industrial Membrane Research Institute, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6024-4144
Research and Development, Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Miami Lakes, Florida, USA.
Industrial Membrane Research Institute, Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada.
Research and Development, Baxter Healthcare Corporation, Miami Lakes, Florida, USA.
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2006 (English)In: Journal of Applied Polymer Science, ISSN 0021-8995, E-ISSN 1097-4628, Vol. 101, no 6, 4386-4400 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The internal and external curved surfaces of polysulfone hollow fiber membranes were characterized by atomic force microscopy (AFM), contact angle measurement (CAM), and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) with the aim of improving the membrane surface properties for blood compatibility. Novel approaches were applied to evaluate a number of properties, including the roughness, pore size, nodule size, and wettability of the surfaces of the hollow fibers. CAM studies were carried out by directly observing the liquid meniscus at the surfaces of hollow fibers. Observation of the meniscus and measurement of the contact angle became possible by using an imaging system developed in our laboratory. AFM and SEM studies were also conducted on the surfaces of the hollow fiber membranes by cutting them at an inclined angle. The effect of the molecular weight of poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) in the polymer blend on the surface properties of the hollow fibers was studied. Increasing the PEG molecular weight increased the average pore size whereas it decreased the contact angle. The contact angle depended on the microscopic surface morphology, including nodule size and roughness parameters. The theoretical prediction along with the experimental data showed that the measured contact angle would be greater than the value intrinsic to the membrane material because of the formation of composite surface structures. © 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci 101: 4386–4400, 2006

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
John Wiley & Sons, 2006. Vol. 101, no 6, 4386-4400 p.
Keyword [en]
Atomic force microscopy; hollow fiber membranes; surfaces; polysulfone; contact angle measurement
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101484DOI: 10.1002/app.23052OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-101484DiVA: diva2:666372
Available from: 2013-11-22 Created: 2013-11-22 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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Rafat, Mehrdad

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