liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Device-guided breathing exercises in the treatment of hypertension – perceptions and effects
The Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Östra, Gothenburg, Sweden.
The Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Östra, Gothenburg, Sweden.
The Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Sweden.
The Sahlgrenska Academy, Göteborg University, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-2764-3095
2008 (English)In: CVD Prevention and Control, ISSN 1875-4562, Vol. 3, no 3, 163-169 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


Behavioural and non-pharmacological treatments of hypertension suggest that relaxation and stress management can lower blood pressure (BP). There have been several studies showing that breathing exercises using various behavioural approaches, such as yoga, relaxation, biofeedback and transcendental meditation benefit hypertensive patients by decreasing their BP.


A randomized controlled pilot study was conducted over a period of 16 weeks, including 31 patients in the intervention-group using Resperate. A control group of 22 patients only listened to music (CD) and used no other therapeutic device. The exercises were accomplished over 15 minutes, three times a week in both groups. Patients (n = 18) from both groups were interviewed about their perceptions of the treatment.


After 16 weeks, the systolic blood pressure decreased −3.9 mmHg (p = 0.105) in the Resperate group and −16.8 mmHg (p = 0.000) in the CD group. The diastolic blood pressure decreased in the Resperate group −1.5 mmHg (p = 0.000) and in the CD group −4.1 mmHg (p = 0.000). The breathing frequency was lowered in the Resperate group −2.4/min (p = 0.000) and in the CD group −1.2/min (p = 0.232) after 16 weeks. There were no statistically significant differences between the groups. Patients generally were satisfied with the use of devices and seemed to perceive the treatment as a chance to influence their own health.


The use of device guided breathing exercises (Resperate) indicated an antihypertensive effect but only listening to relaxing music also decreased blood pressure.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2008. Vol. 3, no 3, 163-169 p.
Keyword [en]
Hypertension; Breathing exercises; Non-pharmacological treatment; Resperate
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101549DOI: 10.1016/j.cvdpc.2008.06.001OAI: diva2:666491
Available from: 2013-11-22 Created: 2013-11-22 Last updated: 2016-09-26Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Kjellgren, Karin
Medical and Health Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 33 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link