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Assessment of the efficacy of Sephadex G-15 filtration of bovine spermatozoa for cryopreservation
Lithuanian Veterinary Academy, Lithuania.
Lithuanian Veterinary Academy, Lithuania.
Research Institute for Animal Breeding and Nutrition, Herceghalom, Hungary.
Swedish University of Agriculture Science, Sweden; .
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2005 (English)In: Theriogenology, ISSN 0093-691X, E-ISSN 1879-3231, Vol. 63, no 1, 160-178 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Semen from five dairy AI bulls was split-filtered through a Sephadex G-15 filter and frozen in a Triscitric acid buffer egg yolk-based extender. The effect of filtration was studied morphologically for individual sperm abnormalities. Computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) was used for motility and sperm motion assessment. Flow cytometry was used to disclose sperm viability (SYBR- 14/PI), mitochondrial membrane potential (Mitotracker Deep Red/SYBR 14), acrosome integrity (SYBR 14/PE-PNA/PI), plasma membrane stability (Merocyanine 540/YO-PRO 1/Hoechst 333342), and chromatin stability (acridine orange staining). Filtration significantly reduced the concentration of recovered spermatozoa (P less than 0.01), but improved semen quality, reducing the number of spermatozoa with various forms of morphological defects. Filtration also affected percentages of sperm motility after equilibration and after freezing/thawing. Sperm motion characteristics were, however, not significantly affected by filtration at any stage of the cryopreservation protocol, including post-extension, equilibration, or freezing/thawing. Filtration enhanced sperm viability after thawing (P less than 0.05), but had no significant effect (P greater than 0.05) on recovery of spermatozoa with high mitochondrial potential, intact acrosomes, or preserved sperm chromatin structure. Sperm plasma membrane stability was also not affected by the filtration method used (P greater than 0.05). It can be concluded that filtration effectively separates weaken or abnormal spermatozoa in pre-freezing semen samples and therefore the procedure could be recommended to improve post-thaw sperm viability of selected, fertile sires. (c) 2004 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2005. Vol. 63, no 1, 160-178 p.
Keyword [en]
spermatozoa; Sephadex filtration; CASA; flow cytometry; bull
National Category
Engineering and Technology
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101825DOI: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2004.04.002ISI: 000227694300014OAI: diva2:666586
Available from: 2013-11-22 Created: 2013-11-22 Last updated: 2015-03-12

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Rodriguez-Martinez, Heriberto
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