In vitro Fertilizing Capacity of Frozen-thawed Bull Spermatozoa Selected by Single-layer (Glycidoxypropyltrimethoxysilane) Silane-coated Silica Colloidal Centrifugation
2009 (English)In: Reproduction in domestic animals (1990), ISSN 0936-6768, E-ISSN 1439-0531, Vol. 44, no 3, 390-394 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Barriers to the use of density gradient centrifugation for preparing animal spermatozoa for artificial insemination (AI) include the scarcity of animal-specific formulations and the daunting prospect of processing large volumes of ejaculate in small aliquots (1.5 ml extended semen). Recently, new colloid formulations have been tested in vitro in a modified procedure, centrifugation on a single layer of colloid. The present study investigated the fertilizing ability during in vitro fertilization (IVF) of frozen-thawed bovine spermatozoa following centrifugation through a single layer of glycerolpropylsilane (GS)-coated silica colloid with a species-specific formulation (patent applied for; treatment, T). Controls (C) included centrifugation through gradients of either the same colloid (C1) or Percoll (TM) (C2). Sperm recovery surpassed 50% for both C1-C2 and T (n.s.). Mean values of various parameters of computerized analysis of sperm motility did not differ between T and C1 (n.s.), and only the proportions of path straightness and linearity were lower in T vs C2 (p less than 0.05). In T, the mean (+/- SD) percentages of fertilization rate, blastocyst development rate and the total number of blastomeres were 58.1 +/- 23.3%, 24.5 +/- 14.3% and 94.6 +/- 23.4%, respectively. The proportions did not differ significantly from controls (C1/C2). Therefore, centrifugation through a single layer of colloid offers an alternative method to density gradient centrifugation for selection of viable, potentially fertile frozen-thawed bull spermatozoa. This single-layer technique is gentle, versatile and convenient because it facilitates scaling-up the process of sperm preparation to allow larger numbers of spermatozoa (for instance, whole ejaculates) to be processed for AI.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell , 2009. Vol. 44, no 3, 390-394 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101742DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0531.2008.01081.xISI: 000266031500006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-101742DiVA: diva2:666658