Antagonism of neuropeptide YY1 receptors does not inhibit ethanol's effects on cortical EEG and ERPs in Wistar rats
2005 (English)In: Journal of Studies on Alcohol, ISSN 0096-882X, Vol. 66, no 4, 559-566 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: Ethanol and neuropeptide Y (NPY) can have additive neurobehavioral effects. In the present study, the NPY Y1 receptor antagonist BIBP3226 was administered alone or in combination with a moderate dose of ethanol to determine whether it interacted with the neurobehavioral effects of ethanol.
METHOD: Male Wistar rats were implanted with cortical recording electrodes and a lateral ventricular cannula. The effects of 1 nmol BIBP3226, 0.75 g/kg ethanol and the combination (BIBP3226 + EtOH) on neurophysiological activity and locomotion were then assessed.
RESULTS: Ethanol significantly increased 1-2 Hz parietal cortical power and this effect was partially antagonized by BIBP3226. Peak frequencies in the parietal cortical 6-8 Hz and 8-16 Hz bands were also altered by ethanol, but these effects were not reversed by BIBP3226. BIBP3226 or ethanol, when administered alone, did not alter motor activity or cortical event-related potentials (ERPs) but administration of BIBP3226 + EtOH reduced motor activity, reduced parietal cortical N1 ERP amplitude and increased frontal cortical N1 ERP latency.
CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, the most prominent effect of antagonizing central NPY Y1 receptors was a facilitation of the effects of ethanol. In particular, the effects of combined administration of BIBP3226 and ethanol are indicative of enhanced sedation and possibly cognitive impairment.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 66, no 4, 559-566 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101861PubMedID: 16240564OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-101861DiVA: diva2:666711