Risk-oriented approach to hereditary adrenal pheochromocytoma.
2006 (English)In: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, ISSN 0077-8923, E-ISSN 1749-6632, Vol. 1073, 417-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Hereditary adrenal pheochromocytoma is caused by germline mutations in RET, VHL, SDHB, SDHD, and NF1. As these genes differ in function, so may their pheochromocytoma phenotypes, suggesting gene-specific patterns of age-related progression to pheochromocytoma. This possibility was explored for gene carriers with a lifetime risk of pheochromocytoma in excess of 50%. Published age-standardized penetrance rates of VHL-, SDHB-, and SDHD-associated pheochromocytoma were gauged against age-standardized penetrance rates of MEN2-associated pheochromocytoma in 219 institutional carriers of RET mutations conferring highest (codon 918), high (codons 609, 611, 618, 620, 630, and 634) and least high risk (codons 768, 790, 791, 804, and 891). The highest-risk category included SDHB, SDHD, and the highest-risk RET genotype; the high-risk category VHL missense mutations and the high-risk RET genotypes; and the least-high risk category VHL truncating mutations and least-high risk RET genotypes. Detailed information on recurrence rates and intervals was available only for the RET carriers (19-31% and means of 4.3-5.5 years; all RET risk categories combined). Ipsilateral recurrences in adrenal remnants, and contralateral recurrences in virgin adrenals were comparable in incidence (27% and 39%, P=0.69; high-risk RET category) and time to recurrence (means of 4.3 vs. 5.4 year; P>0.99; high-risk RET category), discounting a major effect of tumor spillage at primary subtotal adrenalectomy on pheochromocytoma recurrence. The risk of malignancy usually is low, except for SDHB (38%). For most hereditary pheochromocytomas, endoscopic subtotal adrenalectomy is the procedure of choice. Grouping hereditary pheochromocytoma into preliminary risk categories may improve the management of gene carriers at risk of developing pheochromocytomas.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 1073, 417-28 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101866DOI: 10.1196/annals.1353.045PubMedID: 17102110OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-101866DiVA: diva2:666747