Effects of exogenous ACTH during oestrus on early embryo development and oviductal transport in the sow
2007 (English)In: Reproduction in domestic animals (1990), ISSN 0936-6768, E-ISSN 1439-0531, Vol. 42, no 2, 118-125 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study was conducted to assess the effects of ACTH injections on the early development of embryos and their transportation to the uterus. Fifteen sows were monitored for ovulation using transrectal ultrasonography during the first two oestrous periods after weaning. The sows were randomly divided into a control group (C group, n = 8) and an ACTH-treated group (ACTH group, n = 7), and were all surgically fitted with intra-jugular catheters. From the onset of the second standing oestrus after weaning, the sows were injected (NaCl/synthetic ACTH) every 4 h. Blood samples were collected immediately before and 45 min after each injection. All sows were inseminated once 10-33 h before ovulation in their second oestrus after weaning. At 48 (n = 4) or 60 (n = 11) h after ovulation during their second oestrus, the sows were killed and the embryos retrieved from the oviduct and uterus. The embryos were counted and compared with the number of corpora lutea, cleavage rate was noted and, finally, the embryos were prepared for confocal laser scanning microscopy and transmission electron microscopy. There was no difference between the groups regarding cleavage rate, the cytoskeleton, or the number of active nucleoli. However, the ACTH group had significantly (p less than 0.05) fewer ova/embryos retrieved (51%) than the C group (81%), and there was a tendency towards faster transportation to the uterus in the ACTH group, possibly because of high progesterone concentrations during treatment. To conclude, administration of ACTH every 4 h from onset of oestrus to 48 h caused significant loss of oocytes or embryos, and possibly faster transportation through the oviduct.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell , 2007. Vol. 42, no 2, 118-125 p.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-101783DOI: 10.1111/j.1439-0531.2006.00698.xISI: 000244554700002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-101783DiVA: diva2:666788