An Economic and Environmental Assessment of Intermodal Transportation Solutions for Prefabricated Building Units
2011 (English)In: Advances in Production Management Systems. Value Networks: Innovation, Technologies, and Management / [ed] Jan Frick and Bjørge Timenes Laugen, Springer-Verlag New York, 2011Conference paper (Other academic)
In this study the possibilities of a modal shift from road to intermodal transportation for a Swedish company producing concrete units is investigated, for the purpose of determining the economic and environmental (limited to CO2-emissions) effects such a shift would bring. The study is relevant since the case company is interested in moving their transports from the roads, and the European Union has promoted a modal shift away from road transportation to more sustainable modes.
The present day transportation, along with three plausible different intermodal transportation scenarios are analysed. The first scenario incorporates a crane-equipped truck that loads the train near the production facility, and then travels with the last load carrier to the destination, concurrently with the train, to repeat the operations in reverse order at the receiving end. The second scenario employs rail cars that can load entire trucks, including their cargo. In the third scenario, the cargo is transhipped from road to rail at terminals operated by a logistics provider.
All three intermodal scenarios reports higher costs than for road transportation, not only because of what is believed to be a too short door-to-door distance, but also due to high drayage costs. However, the environmental impact is heavily reduced for all three scenarios, in one by as much as 42%. These results contribute to the academic knowledge base of factors influencing the break even distance for intermodal transportation, and also to policy makers and practitioners in the way that the immense difference in environmental impact might be something worth to invest both time and funds in.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer-Verlag New York, 2011.
, IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology, ISSN 1868-4238 ; Vol. 384
Intermodal transport, environmental impact, carbon dioxide, construction industry.
Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102165ISBN: 978-3-642-33979-0 (Print)ISBN: 978-3-642-33980-6 (Online)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-102165DiVA: diva2:668749
IFIP WG 5.7 International Conference, APMS 2011, Stavanger, Norway, September 26-28, 2011