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High working memory capacity does not always attenuate distraction: Bayesian evidence in support of the null hypothesis
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. University of Gavle, Sweden .
University of Central Lancashire, England .
University of Gavle, Sweden .
2013 (English)In: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, ISSN 1069-9384, E-ISSN 1531-5320, Vol. 20, no 5, 897-904 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) predict individual differences in basically all tasks that demand some form of cognitive labor, especially if the persons conducting the task are exposed to distraction. As such, tasks that measure WMC are very useful tools in individual-differences research. However, the predictive power of those tasks, combined with conventional statistical tools that cannot support the null hypothesis, also makes it difficult to study the limits of that power. In this article, we review studies that have failed to find a relationship between WMC and effects of auditory distraction on visual-verbal cognitive performance, and use meta-analytic Bayesian statistics to test the null hypothesis. The results favor the assumption that individual differences in WMC are, in fact, not (always) related to the magnitude of distraction. Implications for the nature of WMC are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA , 2013. Vol. 20, no 5, 897-904 p.
Keyword [en]
Working memory capacity, Null hypothesis, Bayesian statistics, Distraction, Cognitive control
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102087DOI: 10.3758/s13423-013-0419-yISI: 000326265200004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-102087DiVA: diva2:668934
Available from: 2013-12-02 Created: 2013-11-29 Last updated: 2017-12-06

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Sorqvist, Patrik

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