liu.seSearch for publications in DiVA
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
High working memory capacity does not always attenuate distraction: Bayesian evidence in support of the null hypothesis
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. University of Gavle, Sweden .
University of Central Lancashire, England .
University of Gavle, Sweden .
2013 (English)In: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, ISSN 1069-9384, Vol. 20, no 5, 897-904 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Individual differences in working memory capacity (WMC) predict individual differences in basically all tasks that demand some form of cognitive labor, especially if the persons conducting the task are exposed to distraction. As such, tasks that measure WMC are very useful tools in individual-differences research. However, the predictive power of those tasks, combined with conventional statistical tools that cannot support the null hypothesis, also makes it difficult to study the limits of that power. In this article, we review studies that have failed to find a relationship between WMC and effects of auditory distraction on visual-verbal cognitive performance, and use meta-analytic Bayesian statistics to test the null hypothesis. The results favor the assumption that individual differences in WMC are, in fact, not (always) related to the magnitude of distraction. Implications for the nature of WMC are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
SPRINGER, 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA , 2013. Vol. 20, no 5, 897-904 p.
Keyword [en]
Working memory capacity, Null hypothesis, Bayesian statistics, Distraction, Cognitive control
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102087DOI: 10.3758/s13423-013-0419-yISI: 000326265200004OAI: diva2:668934
Available from: 2013-12-02 Created: 2013-11-29 Last updated: 2013-12-02

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Sorqvist, Patrik
By organisation
Department of Behavioural Sciences and LearningFaculty of Arts and Sciences
In the same journal
Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Social Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 26 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link