Participation in work in early rheumatoid arthritis: a qualitative interview study interpreted in terms of the ICF
2014 (English)In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 36, no 3, 242-249 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: To explore what work-related dilemmas are experienced by patients with early rheumatoid arthritis (RA), according to their own descriptions, and to interpret this in terms of participation categories of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF). Method: In 48 patients with early RA, qualitative interviews were analyzed, followed by linking of concepts to the activity/participation component of the ICF and interpretation of general themes. Results: Work-related dilemmas represented different societal perspectives on work related to acquiring, keeping and terminating a job, self-employment, part-time, full-time and non-remunerative employment. Dilemmas also represented participation priorities in economic self-sufficiency, self-care such as health care, and avoiding social relationships and recreation in favor of work. Leisure time was influenced because efforts of working took energy and time of day-to-day procedures. Embedded actions in work-related dilemmas were carrying out daily routine, mobility including using transportation, self-care, domestic life and social interaction. Conclusion: The general themes societal perspectives, participation priorities and embedded actions, with the included ICF categories that are described in detail according to the experiences of the patients, can support clinical reasoning and research on quantitative relations to disease activity, body functions, ability and contextual factors. Implications for Rehabilitation In early rheumatoid arthritis, keeping a job is complex; patients and practitioners need to know and handle the perspectives of, e.g. employers and social insurance agents. Participation in work is an issue of prioritizing against, e.g. maintaining one's health and social relationships. Rehabilitation practitioners need to analyze what actions are embedded in a work situation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare, 2014. Vol. 36, no 3, 242-249 p.
ICF, participation, rheumatoid arthritis, work
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102320DOI: 10.3109/09638288.2013.789086ISI: 000330063400009PubMedID: 23639067OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-102320DiVA: diva2:676366