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Alcohol assessment and feedback by email for university students: main findings from a randomised controlled trial
London School Hyg and Trop Med, England .
Linköping University, Department of Computer and Information Science, Database and information techniques. Linköping University, The Institute of Technology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8678-1164
Linköping University, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Division of Community Medicine. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences.
Institute Public Heatlh, England .
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2013 (English)In: British Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0007-1250, E-ISSN 1472-1465, Vol. 203, no 5, 334-340 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanBrief interventions can be efficacious in changing alcohol consumption and increasingly take advantage of the internet to reach high-risk populations such as students. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanAims less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanTo evaluate the effectiveness of a brief online intervention, controlling for the possible effects of the research process. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethod less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanA three-arm parallel groups design was used to explore the magnitude of the feedback and assessment component effects. The three groups were: alcohol assessment and feedback (group 1); alcohol assessment only without feedback (group 2); and no contact, and thus neither assessment nor feedback (group 3). Outcomes were evaluated after 3 months via an invitation to participate in a brief cross-sectional lifestyle survey. The study was undertaken in two universities randomising the email addresses of all 14 910 students (the AMADEUS-1 study, trial registration: ISRCTN28328154). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanOverall, 52% (n=7809) of students completed follow-up, with small differences in attrition between the three groups. For each of the two primary outcomes, there was one statistically significant difference between groups, with group 1 having 3.7% fewer risky drinkers at follow-up than group 3 (P=0.006) and group 2 scoring 0.16 points lower than group 3 on the three alcohol consumption questions from the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT-C) (P = 0.039). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanThis study provides some evidence of population-level benefit attained through intervening with individual students.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Royal College of Psychiatrists , 2013. Vol. 203, no 5, 334-340 p.
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102396DOI: 10.1192/bjp.bp.113.128660ISI: 000326855700007OAI: diva2:677375

Funding Agencies|Swedish Council For Working Life and Social Research (FAS)|2010-0024|Wellcome Trust|WT086516MA|

Available from: 2013-12-09 Created: 2013-12-09 Last updated: 2014-11-28

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Bendtsen, MarcusKarlsson, NadineNilsen, PerBendtsen, Preben
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Database and information techniquesThe Institute of TechnologyDivision of Community MedicineFaculty of Health SciencesDivision of Health Care AnalysisDepartment of Acute Health Care in LinköpingDepartment of Medical Specialist in Motala
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British Journal of Psychiatry
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