RELATION BETWEEN SOCIAL WITHDRAWAL SYMPTOMS IN FULL-TERM AND PREMATURE INFANTS AND DEPRESSIVE SYMTOMS IN MOTHERS: A LONGITUDINAL STUDY
2013 (English)In: Infant Mental Health Journal, ISSN 0163-9641, E-ISSN 1097-0355, Vol. 34, no 6, 532-541 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The objective of this longitudinal study was to investigate the prevalence of infants social withdrawal and mothers depressive symptoms in a cohort of full-term infants and their mothers and in a cohort of moderately premature infants and their mothers at 3, 6, and 9 months postpartum. The Alarm Distress Baby Scale (ADBB) was used to assess social withdrawal; the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was administered to ascertain postpartum depressive symptoms. The results revealed a higher proportion of premature infants with social withdrawal at 6 months postpartum and significantly higher ADBB composite scores at 3 and 6 months of age, as compared with the full-term infants. A higher proportion of mothers in the premature cohort had symptoms of postpartum depression at the 3-month assessment, and they reported a significantly higher EPDS composite score at 3 months postpartum. There was a significant relation between maternal depressive symptoms at 3 and 6 months and infants social withdrawal at 9 months, and a significant concurrent relation between the two variables at 6 and 9 months in the full-term cohort. The findings suggest a need to screen for both infant social withdrawal and maternal depressive symptoms in moderately prematurely born infants and their caregivers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell: No OnlineOpen , 2013. Vol. 34, no 6, 532-541 p.
Social Sciences Applied Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102389DOI: 10.1002/imhj.21414ISI: 000326892300005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-102389DiVA: diva2:677416