The prevalence of posttraumatic stress among women requesting induced abortion
2013 (English)In: European journal of contraception & reproductive health care, ISSN 1362-5187, E-ISSN 1473-0782, Vol. 18, no 6, 480-488 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Objectives To describe the prevalence and pattern of traumatic experiences, to assess the prevalence of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), to identify risk factors for PTSD and PTSS, and to analyse the association of PTSD and PTSS with concomitant anxiety and depressive symptoms in women requesting induced abortion. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods A Swedish multi-centre study of women requesting an induced abortion. The Screen Questionnaire - Posttraumatic Stress Disorder was used for research diagnoses of PTSD and PTSS. Anxiety and depressive symptoms were evaluated by the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults Of the 1514 respondents, almost half reported traumatic experiences. Lifetime-and point prevalence of PTSD were 7% (95% confi dence interval [CI]: 5.8-8.5) and 4% (95% CI: 3.1-5.2), respectively. The prevalence of PTSS was 23% (95% CI: 21.1-25.4). Women who reported symptoms of anxiety or depression when requesting abortion were more likely to have ongoing PTSD or PTSS. Also single-living women and smokers displayed higher rates of ongoing PTSD. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions Although PTSD is rare among women who request an induced abortion, a relatively high proportion suffers from PTSS. Abortion seeking women with trauma experiences and existing or preexisting mental disorders need more consideration and alertness when counselled for termination.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2013. Vol. 18, no 6, 480-488 p.
Abortion, Posttraumatic stress disorder, Posttraumatic stress, Depression, Anxiety
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102714DOI: 10.3109/13625187.2013.828030ISI: 000327484700008OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-102714DiVA: diva2:681172
Funding Agencies|Marianne and Marcus Wallenberg Foundation||Medical Faculty of Uppsala Universities||Family Planning Foundation at Uppsala University||Regional Research Committee of Uppsala County Council||Regional Research Committee of Orebro County Council||Sophiahemmet Foundation||2013-12-192013-12-192013-12-19