Development and Initial Evaluation of an Internet-Based Support System for Face-to-Face Cognitive Behavior Therapy: A Proof of Concept Study
2013 (English)In: Journal of Medical Internet Research, ISSN 1438-8871, Vol. 15, no 12Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Evidence-based psychological treatments, such as cognitive behavior therapy (CBT), have been found to be effective in treating several anxiety and mood disorders. Nevertheless, issues regarding adherence are common, such as poor patient compliance on homework assignments and therapists drifting from strictly evidence-based CBT. The development of Internet-delivered CBT (ICBT) has been intensive in the past decade and results show that guided ICBT can be as effective as face-to-face CBT but also indicate a need to integrate the two forms of CBT delivery. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanObjective: In this study, we developed and tested a new treatment format in which ICBT and face-to-face therapy were blended. We designed a support system accessible via the Internet (using a computer or an Apple iPad) for patients and therapists delivering CBT face-to-face. The support system included basic CBT components and a library of interventions gathered from existing ICBT manuals. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethods: The study involved 15 patients with mild to moderate anxiety or depression (or both). Eight therapists conducted the treatments. All participants were interviewed after the nine-week intervention. Further, patients provided self-reports on clinical measures pre- and post-trial, as well as at a 12-month follow-up. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: A reduction was found in symptom scores across all measures. The reliable change index ranged from 60% to 87% for depression and anxiety. Large effect sizes (Cohens d) ranging from 1.62 (CI 95% 0.59-2.66) to 2.43 (CI 95% 1.12-3.74) were found. There were no missing data and no treatment dropouts. In addition, the results had been maintained at the 12-month follow-up. Qualitative interviews revealed that the users perceived the support system as beneficial. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: The results suggest that modern information technology can effectively blend with face-to-face treatments and be used to facilitate communication and structure in therapy, thus reducing therapist drift.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Journal of Medical Internet Research / JMIR Publications , 2013. Vol. 15, no 12
cognitive behavior therapy, Internet, anxiety, depression, Apple iPad
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102847DOI: 10.2196/jmir.3031ISI: 000328160000009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-102847DiVA: diva2:683841