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The latest pharmacotherapy options for type 1 diabetes
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Division of Clinical Sciences. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Center of Paediatrics and Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Department of Paediatrics in Linköping.
2014 (English)In: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy, ISSN 1465-6566, Vol. 15, no 1, 37-49 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Pharmacotherapy of type 1 diabetes (T1D) is mainly restricted to insulin treatment. Insulin analogues have replaced human insulin sometimes without reason. A broader approach is needed. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanAreas covered: Insulin and insulin analogues, but also other available hormone therapies and drugs, based on literature in PubMed are included in this study. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanExpert opinion: At diagnosis, T1D patients should, when resources allow, participate in clinical trials aiming at preservation of beta cell function, for example, with combination therapies involving auto-antigen/s. In very young children insulin pump is recommended, when enough resources for ALL patients; in older patients pump or multiple insulin therapy is recommended. Human insulin still has a place, with insulin analogues on special indications. Patients with pronounced insulin resistance might need Metformin, and Glitazones need more studies. Incretins, for example, GLP-1 may be of interest in patients with residual C-peptide. Amylin will probably be restricted to highly motivated patients. IGF-1 also requires more studies. C-peptide may be a hormone, probably part of future treatment. Glucosoxidase inhibitors might be considered in obese patients. Whether drugs increasing glucosuria will be of clinical value in T1D remains to be shown. In summary, insulin replacement is not enough for several patients. A broader pharmacotherapy is needed, at onset, and later when metabolic control needs improvement.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Informa Healthcare , 2014. Vol. 15, no 1, 37-49 p.
Keyword [en]
acarbose, adjunct therapy, amylin, C-peptide, GLP-1, glucagon, IGF-1, SGLT2 inhibitors glucosuria, type 1 diabetes
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102844DOI: 10.1517/14656566.2014.855197ISI: 000328118800005OAI: diva2:683847

Funding Agencies|Diamyd Medical||

Available from: 2014-01-07 Created: 2014-01-02 Last updated: 2014-01-07

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Ludvigsson, Johnny
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Division of Clinical SciencesFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Paediatrics in Linköping
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