Cognitive Abilities Relate to Self-Reported Hearing Disability
2013 (English)In: Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, ISSN 1092-4388, E-ISSN 1558-9102, Vol. 56, no 5, 1364-1372 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Purpose: In this explorative study, the authors investigated the relationship between auditory and cognitive abilities and self-reported hearing disability. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanMethod: Thirty-two adults with mild to moderate hearing loss completed the Amsterdam Inventory for Auditory Disability and Handicap (AIADH; Kramer, Kapteyn, Festen, andamp; Tobi, 1996) and performed the Text Reception Threshold (TRT; Zekveld, George, Kramer, Goverts, andamp; Houtgast, 2007) test as well as tests of spatial working memory (SWM) and visual sustained attention. Regression analyses examined the predictive value of age, hearing thresholds (pure-tone averages [PTAs]), speech perception in noise (speech reception thresholds in noise [SRTNs]), and the cognitive tests for the 5 AIADH factors. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanResults: Besides the variance explained by age, PTA, and SRTN, cognitive abilities were related to each hearing factor. The reported difficulties with sound detection and speech perception in quiet were less severe for participants with higher age, lower PTAs, and better TRTs. Fewer sound localization and speech perception in noise problems were reported by participants with better SRTNs and smaller SWM. Fewer sound discrimination difficulties were reported by subjects with better SRTNs and TRTs and smaller SWM. less thanbrgreater than less thanbrgreater thanConclusions: The results suggest a general role of the ability to read partly masked text in subjective hearing. Large working memory was associated with more reported hearing difficulties. This study shows that besides auditory variables and age, cognitive abilities are related to self-reported hearing disability.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association , 2013. Vol. 56, no 5, 1364-1372 p.
cognition, hearing loss, speech recognition, speech perception
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-102988DOI: 10.1044/1092-4388(2013/12-0268)ISI: 000328267300002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-102988DiVA: diva2:685411
Funding Agencies|Heinsius-Houbolt Foundation||The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research||2014-01-092014-01-092014-01-09