Shortcomings of CVD modeling of SiC today
2013 (English)In: Theoretical Chemistry accounts, ISSN 1432-881X, E-ISSN 1432-2234, Vol. 132, no 11, 1398- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The active, epitaxial layers of silicon carbide (SiC) devices are grown by chemical vapor deposition (CVD), at temperatures above 1,600 °C, using silane and light hydrocarbons as precursors, diluted in hydrogen. A better understanding of the epitaxial growth process of SiC by CVD is crucial to improve CVD tools and optimize growth conditions. Through computational fluid dynamic (CFD) simulations, the process may be studied in great detail, giving insight to both flow characteristics, temperature gradients and distributions, and gas mixture composition and species concentrations throughout the whole CVD reactor. In this paper, some of the important parts where improvements are very much needed for accurate CFD simulations of the SiC CVD process to be accomplished are pointed out. First, the thermochemical properties of 30 species that are thought to be part of the gas-phase chemistry in the SiC CVD process are calculated by means of quantum-chemical computations based on ab initio theory and density functional theory. It is shown that completely different results are obtained in the CFD simulations, depending on which data are used for some molecules, and that this may lead to erroneous conclusions of the importance of certain species. Second, three different models for the gas-phase chemistry are compared, using three different hydrocarbon precursors. It is shown that the predicted gas-phase composition varies largely, depending on which model is used. Third, the surface reactions leading to the actual deposition are discussed. We suggest that hydrocarbon molecules in fact have a much higher surface reactivity with the SiC surface than previously accepted values.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2013. Vol. 132, no 11, 1398- p.
Silicon carbide, Chemical vapor deposition, Computational fluid dynamics, Thermochemical data, Gas-phase reactions, Surface reactions
Physical Chemistry Materials Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103136DOI: 10.1007/s00214-013-1398-9ISI: 000325107800001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-103136DiVA: diva2:686785
FunderSwedish Foundation for Strategic Research , SM11-0051Swedish Foundation for Strategic Research , EM11-0034