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Executive function and speech- in- noise perception: the role of inhibition
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0369-3354
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping. (Linnaeus Centre HEAD)
Linköping University, Department of Behavioural Sciences and Learning, Disability Research. Linköping University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences. Östergötlands Läns Landsting, Anaesthetics, Operations and Specialty Surgery Center, Department of Otorhinolaryngology in Linköping. (Linneaus Centre HEAD)
Linköping University, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Technical Audiology. Linköping University, Faculty of Health Sciences. (Linneaus Centre HEAD)
2013 (English)In: Aging and Speech Communication, 2013 / [ed] Larry E Humes, 2013Conference paper, Poster (with or without abstract) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

 

Little is known about the relation between the ability to inhibit irrelevant information and perceiving speech-in-noise and the effects of hearing loss and ageing on this relationship. In settings where a listening task is difficult, individuals use both their hearing and cognitive abilities to process the auditory information. To perceive speech in noise, one must focus on the relevant information and at the same time inhibit the processing of irrelevant information. Results from recent studies indicate that older adults have difficulties singling out speech in noise, and selectively attend to target speech while inhibiting irrelevant information.

 

The purpose of the project is to increase theoretical knowledge concerning the relation between age, perceiving speech-in-noise and inhibition. The pilot study involved the administration of a test battery consisting of audiological, cognitive and speech perception tests. The results of a series of ANOVAs and correlational analyses will be presented to show differences in performance and the relation between performance on the cognitive, audiological and speech-perception tasks. Upon completion, the results of this study will be used to compare younger individuals´ performance with older adults with and without hearing loss to determine the effect of age and hearing ability on the relation between capacity to inhibit irrelevant information and speech-in-noise recognition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [en]
Executive functions, inhibition, speech in noise perception, The Hayling test, working memory
National Category
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:liu:diva-103209OAI: oai:DiVA.org:liu-103209DiVA: diva2:687833
Conference
5th International and Interdisciplinary Research Conference, Aging and Speech Communication, October 6-9, 2013, Bloomington, Indiana, USA
Projects
Tal som störning vid språklig kommunikation
Funder
Swedish Research Council
Available from: 2014-01-15 Created: 2014-01-15 Last updated: 2016-05-04

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Stenbäck, VictoriaHällgren, MathiasLyxell, BjörnLarsby, Birgitta

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Stenbäck, VictoriaHällgren, MathiasLyxell, BjörnLarsby, Birgitta
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Technical AudiologyFaculty of Health SciencesDepartment of Otorhinolaryngology in LinköpingDisability ResearchFaculty of Arts and Sciences
Psychology (excluding Applied Psychology)

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